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  1. Family: Liliaceae Juss.
    1. Lilium Tourn. ex L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Northern Hemisphere to N. Philippines.


    Liliaceae, John Grimshaw, D. Phil. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Perennial herbs with an annual shoot arising from a many-scaled bulb; bulbs made of overlapping, fleshy scales, with strong perennial roots; stem erect, unbranched, leafy, sometimes producing roots at the base
    Leaves numerous, verticillate or scattered, usually decreasing in size up the stem, linear or lanceolate, occasionally broader
    Inflorescence terminal, a raceme, or with solitary flowers
    Flowers pedicellate, subtended by bracts, nodding to erect, funnel-shaped, cup-shaped, bowl-shaped or bell-shaped, often with the perianth segments somewhat or greatly reflexed
    Perianth segments 6, petaloid and showy, free, caducous, each with a basal nectary-furrow, sometimes papillose on inner surface, occasionally hairy externally
    Anthers large, epipeltate or pseudobasifixed, versatile; filaments in two whorls, inserted at base of perianth segments, filiform to slightly flattened, bearing anthers at the mouth of the flower or greatly exserted from it
    Ovary superior, 3-lobed
    Style long, stigma 3-lobed (sometimes obscurely so)
    Fruit a loculicidal capsule, bearing seeds in 2 rows within each locule
    Seeds brown, flat but not winged.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Tuva, Ukraine, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Algeria, Belgium, Bermuda, Brazil Southeast, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Costa Rica, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madeira, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sweden, Tanzania, Tunisia, Utah, Victoria, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Lilium Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nomocharis 34383.000


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 302 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • McRae, Lilies: 1–392 (1998)
    • Synge, Lilies: 1–276 (1980)
    • Woodcock & Stearn, Lilies of the World: 1–431 (1950)
    • Elwes, Monogr. Genus Lilium 1–83 (1877–1880)
    • Gen Pl. 5th ed.: 143 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 302 (1753)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.