1. Family: Cleomaceae Airy Shaw
    1. Cleome L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs or occasionally small shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually petiolate, simple or digitately 3–9-foliolate; leaflets usually narrow, linear to lanceolate, entire or serrulate.
    Flowers
    Flowers ± zygomorphic, in terminal racemes.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, usually free or almost so, usually narrow and often glandular or setulose-pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals 4, sessile or clawed, equal or unequal.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2 — many, all fertile or some sterile, usually borne on a small torus or receptacle; filaments equal or unequal and declinate, occasionally thickened at the apex; anthers 2-thecous, usually oblong or narrowly oblong.
    Pistil
    Ovary sessile or with a short gynophore, with many ovules on two parietal placentas; style short or absent; stigma capitate or truncate.
    Fruits
    Fruit an oblong or linear capsule often borne on an elongated gynophore, with two valves separating from the seed-bearing placentas, often tipped with the persistent style; valves glabrous or pubescent, smooth or strongly longitudinally nerved.
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform, smooth or ridged transversely, radially or longitudinally, or reticulate-tuberculate, glabrous or pubescent.
    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham And G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Herbs, mainly annual in East Africa, sometimes bushy and woody below
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, simple or digitately compound with 3–5–7–9 very shortly petiolulate leaflets
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence racemose; flowers pedicellate, subtended by foliaceous or membranous, persistent or caducous bracts
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, free or shortly united at the base
    Corolla
    Petals 4, equal or unequal, often long-clawed
    Stamens
    Androphore absent; stamens free; filaments equal or unequal, sometimes medially swollen; staminodes present or absent
    Pistil
    Gynophore present or absent; ovary 1- locular with many parietal ovules
    Fruits
    Fruit a siliquiform capsule with 2 dehiscing valves and a persistent replum
    Seeds
    Seeds discoid or reniform, the ends incurving or one of them free; testa smooth, rugulose or ridged.
    [FTEA]

    Capparidaceae, J. Elffers, R. A. Graham And G. P. Dewolf. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1964

    Habit
    Annual herbs or rarely perennial, rather shrubby
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, petiolate, 3–7-foliolate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a many-flowered terminal raceme with foliaceous bracts
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, free
    Corolla
    Petals 4, clawed
    Stamens
    Androphore conspicuous, slender, elongating, with the 6 stamens practically verticillate at the apex; staminodes absent
    Pistil
    Gynophore present; ovary 1-locular with many parietal ovules
    Fruits
    Capsule siliquiform with 2 dehiscing valves and a persistent replum
    Seeds
    Seeds reniform with a rugulose testa.
    [FZ]

    Capparidaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Annual herb or rarely rather shrubby.
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, 3–7-foliolate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences of terminal many-flowered racemes with foliaceous bracts.
    Flowers
    Flowers zygomorphic, usually bisexual; sepals 4, free; petals 4, clawed, spathulate or oblong.
    Stamens
    Stamens 6, free, inserted on a filiform androgynophore at the base of the gynophore; anthers basifixed, somewhat curved; gynophore short; ovary 1-locular, ovules many on two parietal placentas; style persistent, short; stigma capitate.
    Fruits
    Capsule dehiscent with two valves and a persistent replum.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, reniform; testa reticulate or rugose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Aldabra, Algeria, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chile North, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rwanda, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South Australia, South China Sea, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Bahamas, Bermuda, Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., District of Columbia, Fiji, Galápagos, Italy, Kazan-retto, Korea, Maine, Marquesas, Mexican Pacific Is., Nauru, New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicobar Is., Niue, North Carolina, Primorye, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, Tennessee, Turks-Caicos Is.

    Cleome L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 671 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 74.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 302 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 2: 671 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pax & K. Hoffm. in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 17B: 210 (1936)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 302 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 671 (1753)

    Sources

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0