1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Sabicea Aubl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Mexico to Tropical America.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, D.M.Bridson & B.Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:3. 2003

    Habit
    Lianes, straggling shrubs or sometimes scarcely woody climbers, usually ± hairy.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate; stipules shortly sheathing; limbs entire or emarginate, often comparatively large, often reflexing, mostly with conspicuous colleters within.
    Flowers
    Flowers sometimes showing limited heterostyly, small or medium sized, in sessile or pedunculate several- to many-flowered paniculate or capitate axillary inflorescences or in a few cases plant cauliflorous (not in Flora Zambesiaca area); bracts often conspicuous, sometimes forming an involucre.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube ellipsoid-oblong or ovoid; limb-tube sometimes cylindrical and elongated; lobes often well developed.
    Corolla
    Corolla usually ± white; tube mostly narrowly cylindrical; lobes small, valvate.
    Stamens
    Stamens with very short filaments or ± sessile, the anthers ± medifixed, narrowly oblong, inserted towards the base of the tube in long-styled flowers and near the throat in short-styled flowers but only the tips exserted if at all.
    Pistil
    Ovary 4–5-locular with elliptic placentas usually externally covered with ovules; style slender, glabrous, divided into 5 long narrow stigmatic lobes or style with 5 arms terminating in slightly thicker stigmatic lobes.
    Fruits
    Berries globose, many-seeded, fleshy.
    Seeds
    Seeds irregularly ovoid, compressed, mostly angular, finely reticulate or striate.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Lianes, straggling shrubs or sometimes scarcely woody climbers, usually ± hairy
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate; stipules entire or emarginate, often comparatively large, mostly with conspicuous colleters within
    Flowers
    Flowers sometimes showing limited heterostyly, small or medium-sized, in sessile or pedunculate several–many-flowered paniculate or capitate axillary inflorescences or in a few cases plant cauliflorous; bracts often conspicuous, sometimes forming an involucre
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube ellipsoid-oblong or ovoid; tubular part of limb sometimes cylindrical and elongated; lobes often well-developed
    Corolla
    Corolla usually ± white, tube mostly narrowly cylindrical; lobes small, valvate
    Stamens
    Stamens with very short filaments or ± sessile, the anthers ± medifixed, narrowly oblong, inserted towards the base of the tube in long-styled flowers and near the throat in shorter styled flowers but only the tips exserted if at all
    Pistil
    Ovary 4–5-locular, with elliptic placentas usually externally covered with ovules; style slender, glabrous, divided into 5 long narrow stigmatic lobes or style with 5 arms terminating in slightly thicker stigmatic lobes
    Fruits
    Berries globose, many-seeded, fleshy
    Seeds
    Seeds irregularly ovoid, compressed, mostly angular, finely reticulate or striate.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Lianes or robust climbers or sometimes slender creepers, more rarely shrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves often markedly unequal (anisophyllous) at each node but sometimes almost equal or only showing a slight tendency to anisophylly; blades usually felted beneath; stipules elliptic, entire
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merous, heterostylous, in (few–)several–many-flowered inflorescences, always axillary, often at leafless nodes, lax and paniculate or condensed, sometimes sessile; bracts and bracteoles present
    Calyx
    Calyx-tube globose, ellipsoid or obovoid, the tubular parts of the limb very short; lobes 5, ovate, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, often ± recurved
    Corolla
    Corolla whitish, becoming rusty brown with age, mostly small; tube cylindrical, the throat pubescent with hairs shaped like strings of beads or papillate; lobes triangular, short, ± pubescent outside towards the apex or glabrous
    Anthers
    Anthers medifixed
    Pistil
    Ovary 2(–3)-locular; placentas rounded or oblong, peltate, slightly emarginate at the apex, covered with numerous ovules; style slender, often shortly bifid at apex so that there is a short portion of style-branch before the thick opposite laterally dilated stigmatic lobes or stigmatic lobes sessile at end of simple style
    Infructescences
    Infructescence often ± accrescent
    Fruits
    Fruits fleshy, whitish or greenish, rarely red or black, the pulp usually not coloured
    Seeds
    Seeds angular, small, nearly smooth but with extremely fine reticulation.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Sabicea Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1998 Acworth, J.M. [230], Cameroon K000542369
    Furlan, A. [1086], Brazil K001136982
    Spruce, R. [3275], Venezuela K000006726
    Etuge, M. [1575], Cameroon K000436360
    Mello-Silva, R. [2497], Brazil K001136981
    Melo, E. [2458], Brazil K001136977
    Silva, G.P. [2182], Brazil K001136979
    Silva, G.P. [2261], Brazil K001136980
    Zapfack, L. [890], Cameroon K000436347
    Zapfack, L. [892], Cameroon K000437533
    Zapfack, L. [896], Cameroon K000437052
    Zapfack, L. [902], Cameroon K000436904
    Almeida, S. [656], Brazil K001136978

    First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 192 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F. Hallé in Adansonia 1: 266-298 (1961).
    • Hepper in Kew Bull. 13: 289 (1958)
    • Wernham Monogr. Sabicea (1914)
    • —F.T.A. 3: 74
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • N. Hallé in Adansonia, n.s. 3: 168–177 (1963).
    • Wernham, Monograph Genus Sabicea (1914).
    • Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 192, t. 75, 76 (1775).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Fl. Gabon 12, Rubiacées, 1: 161 (1966)
    • Hallé in Adansonia sér. 2, 3: 168–177 (1963)
    • Wernham, Monograph of the Genus Sabicea (1914)
    • Pl. Guian. 1: 192, tt. 75, 76 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0