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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Eurasia to Australia, Sahara & Sahel to NE. & E. Tropical Africa, California.

[FTEA]

Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Annual or more often perennial herbs or shrubs, usually more or less pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually more or less fleshy, entire, alternate or sometimes opposite, sessile, narrow, sometimes scale-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, solitary or fascicled, subtended by relatively large bracteoles, hermaphrodite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx (4-) 5-partite, the lobes almost always each developing in fruit a scarious horizontally spreading wing above the middle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, sometimes fewer
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 2, very rarely 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit with membranous or somewhat fleshy pericarp
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Endosperm absent. Embryo spiral Seeds normally “horizontal” (i.e. vertically compressed); testa membranous

[FZ]

Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Annual or more often perennial herbs or shrubs, usually pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually more or less fleshy, entire, alternate or sometimes opposite, sessile, narrow, often scale-like, sometimes linear-subulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers axillary, solitary or fascicled, sometimes aggregated in a spiciform way towards ends of branchlets, subtended by two relatively large bracteoles, hermaphrodite.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth (4) 5-partite, the lobes nearly always each developing in fruit above the middle a scarious horizontally spreading wing.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, rarely fewer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 2, very rarely 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit with membranous or somewhat fleshy pericarp.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Endosperm absent. Embryo spiral. Seeds normally “horizontal”(i.e. vertically compressed); testa membranous.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Herbs or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate (rarely opposite), sessile, entire
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers usually solitary in leaf axils (sometimes in heads or spikes), subtended by 2 bracteoles, bisexual, (4–)5-merous; perianth-segments ± scarious, each usually developing a prominent transverse wing in fruit; stamens 5, anthers sometimes with appendages; stigmas 2, ± linear, with or without style
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Fruiting calyx
Fruiting perianth with ± membranous, non-indurated lower part (or if indurated then bracts and bracteoles of similar texture); bottom of perianth rounded or tapering
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Utricle included within persistent perianth, subglobose, often with thicker upper part
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed subglobose, horizontal; testa membranous; embryo in conical spiral.
Distribution
Over 120 species, most numerous in the drier parts of Asia, especially towards Iran, extending into Europe and N Africa and with a secondary centre in southern Africa.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madeira, Maluku, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, New Guinea, New South Wales, North Caucasus, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sulawesi, Sweden, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Victoria, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Azores, British Columbia, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Labrador, Lesotho, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Namibia, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Switzerland, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Salsola L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 222 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 87.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 104 (1754).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by I. Friis & M. G. Gilbert [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Chaudhary & Akram in Proc. Saudi Biol. Soc. 9: 57–89 (1986).
  • Botschantzev in Bot. Zurn. 54: 989–1000 (1969)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 104 (1754)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0