1. Family: Rubiaceae Juss.
    1. Oldenlandia L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FZ]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora Zambesiaca 5:1. 1989

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs or rarely subshrubs, the stems erect or prostrate, simple or branched, or rarely cushion-herbs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite; stipules with 1-several fimbriae from a short base which is often adnate to the leaf base.
    Flowers
    Flowers mostly small, hermaphrodite, heterostylous or isostylous, in terminal or axillary lax or dense inflorescences or sometimes fasciculate or solitary at the nodes.
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes 4 (rarely more), mostly small, equal, narrowly to broadly triangular.
    Corolla
    Corolla tube usually short, cylindrical; lobes 4; throat often hairy.
    Stamens
    Stamens enclosed or exserted.
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular; ovules mostly numerous on peltate placentas; style short or long, included or exserted, filiform; stigma lobes linear to subglobose.
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose to oblong, usually with a loculicidally dehiscent beak.
    Seeds
    Seeds mostly numerous, angular or subglobose, smooth or alveolate, often becoming viscid when moistened; testa cells smooth to distinctly punctate, granular or tuberculate.
    [FTEA]

    Rubiaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1976

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs or rarely subshrubs, the stems erect or prostrate, simple or branched, or rarely cushion-herbs
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite; stipules with 1–several fimbriae from a short base which is often adnate to the leaf-base
    Flowers
    Flowers mostly small, hermaphrodite, heterostylous or isostylous, in terminal or axillary lax or dense inflorescences or sometimes fasciculate or solitary at the nodes
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 4 (rarely more), mostly small, equal, narrowly to broadly triangular
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube usually short, cylindrical; lobes 4; throat often hairy
    Stamens
    Stamens enclosed or exserted
    Pistil
    Ovary 2-locular; ovules mostly numerous on peltate placentas; style short or long, included or exserted, filiform; stigma-lobes linear to subglobose
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose to oblong, usually with a loculicidally dehiscent beak
    Seeds
    Seeds mostly numerous, angular or subglobose, smooth or alveolate, often becoming viscid when moistened; testa-cells smooth to distinctly punctate or granular.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chile Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Uganda, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    Ascension

    Introduced into:

    Belize, Central American Pac, Chagos Archipelago, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Cook Is., Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Galápagos, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Marianas, Marshall Is., Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

    Oldenlandia L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2003 Davis, A.P. [1140], Madagascar 72315.000
    Davis, A.P. [2730], Madagascar 72932.000
    Baron, R. [307], Madagascar K000046527 Unknown type material
    Maurin, O. [147], Madagascar 76237.000
    Conceição, A.S. [434], Brazil K001136476

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 119 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Not accepted by

    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2011). Flora of China 19: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. [Cited as Hedyotis.]
    • Smith, A.C. (1988). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 4: 1-377. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai. [Cited as Hedyotis.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Bremek. in Verb. K. Nederl. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk., sect. 2, 48: 20 (1952).
    • —F.T.A. 3: 51, partly
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Bremek. in Verh. K. Nederl. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., ser. 2, 48(2): 183 (1952).
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 55 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 119 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Bremek. in Verh. K. Nederl. Akad. Wet., Afd. Natuurk., ser. 2, 48(2): 183 (1952)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 55 (1754)
    • Sp Pl.: 119 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/