1. Family: Connaraceae R.Br.
    1. Connarus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical to S. China.

    [FTEA]

    Connaraceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

    Habit
    Shrubs, trees or lianes, branches glabrous or with simple or sympodially branched hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves imparipinnate, trifoliolate or rarely unifoliolate, entire, opposite or sub-opposite
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, paniculate, or rarely axillary and cymose or racemose
    Flowers
    Flowers with heteromorphic androecium and gynoecium
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, rarely 4, imbricate or rarely subvalvate
    Corolla
    Petals 5, usually longer than sepals, glabrous to densely pubescent, sometimes with glandular hairs; both sepals and petals dotted with blackish glandular cavities
    Stamens
    Stamens 10; epipetalous stamens sometimes staminodal or reduced with functionless anthers; filaments connate into short basal tube, anthers ± oblong, both filaments and anthers with scattered glandular papillae
    Carpels
    Carpel solitary; ovary ovoid, pubescent, style often with glandular papillae, stigma expanded; ovules inserted on ventral suture
    Fruits
    Fruit an obliquely pyriform, fusiform or cymbiform follicle, apex obliquely mucronate or tapering into a curved rostrum, base narrowing into a slender stipe; dehiscence usually along ventral suture; pericarp woody, horny or tough and parchment-like, obliquely and conspicuously lined with raised striae, usually glabrous, sometimes with blackish glandular lacunae
    Seeds
    Testa dark and shining, hilum lateral; aril bilobed, spreading posteriorly to enclose seed-base; cotyledons thick, radicle usually apical; endosperm absent or little-developed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malaya, Maluku, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zaïre

    Connarus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 675 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Schellenb. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Connarac. 216.
    • —F.T.A. 1: 456
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Schellenb. in E.P. IV. 127: 216 (1938)
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 305 (1754)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0