1. Family: Caprifoliaceae Juss.
    1. Valerianella Mill.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Pakistan, Africa, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Valerianaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Annual (or biennial) herbs with dichasial branching, appearing dichotomous, but the terminal bud abortive in the lower branches, glabrous or pubescent
    Leaves
    Radical leaves sometimes forming a rosette, entire, petiolate to nearly sessile, undivided or dentate; cauline leaves often toothed, sometimes entire, connate, rarely incised-pinnatifid
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal, usually dichasial cyme subtended by lanceolate to oblong connate bracts
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile, solitary, hermaphrodite (or unisexual), in the axils of lanceolate to oblong connate bracteoles
    Calyx
    Calyx-limb often short or obsolete during flowering state, becoming hardened or variously enlarged in fruit, erect, spreading or globose-inflated, regular or oblique, entire or 3–6-toothed, 3-horned or divided into recurved or hooked rigid awns, never plumose-setose
    Corolla
    Corolla funnel-shaped, narrowly campanulate or tubular, attenuated at the base, regular or sometimes gibbous, never spurred; limb 5-fid, spreading
    Stamens
    Stamens 3, inserted towards the top of the corolla-tube, exserted; anthers 4-lobed
    Pistil
    Style shortly or minutely 3-fid at the apex; stigma simple or shortly 3-lobed
    Fruits
    Fruit an achene, oblanceolate to spathulate, glabrous to pubescent, 1-seeded, 3-locular, the 2 abaxial locules empty and ordinarily with a distinct groove between them.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Arkansas, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Illinois, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Missouri, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Yugoslavia

    Extinct in:

    Socotra

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Bermuda, Bolivia, Chile Central, Chile South, China Southeast, Falkland Is., Korea, Réunion

    Valerianella Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)

    Accepted by

    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gard. Dict., Abridg. Ed. 4 [without pagination] (1754)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0