According to Flora Zambesiaca[FZ]
Primulaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983
- Annual and perennial herbs; stems erect or rarely procumbent, sometimes with a basal leaf–rosette.
- Leaves alternate, linear, oblong or spathulate, entire.
- Flowers in racemes or corymbs; bracts inserted at the base or near the middle of pedicels.
- Calyx partly adnate to ovary, the limb 5–lobed, persistent.
- Corolla subcampanulate, the limb 5–lobed.
- Stamens borne on the corolla–tube, oppositipetalous, alternating with small staminodes.
- Ovary globose; style short, stigma obtuse or capitellate; ovules numerous; placentation free–central.
- Capsule ovoid or globose, dehiscing by 5 valves.
- Seeds numerous, angular.
According to Flora of Tropical East Africa[FTEA]
Primulaceae, P. Taylor. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958
- Annual or perennial herbs with erect or rarely prostrate stems
- Leaves alternate, cauline or forming a basal rosette, linear to spathulate, entire
- Flowers in terminal racemes or corymbs; bracts at the base or near the middle of the pedicels
- Calyx-tube adnate to the ovary in its lower half; limb 5-lobed, persistent
- Corolla perigynous, subcampanulate; limb 5-lobed
- Stamens inserted on the corolla-tube; subulate staminodes often present alternating with the stamens
- Ovary subglobose; style short
- Capsule globose, many-seeded, dehiscing by 5 valves
- Seeds numerous, angular
- A small widespread genus found mainly in the southern hemisphere with the following cosmopolitan species occurring in practically every region of the world.
Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Belgium, Belize, Botswana, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Chad, Corse, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., Easter Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kermadec Is., Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New Mexico, New Zealand North, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tasmania, Tennessee, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Western Sahara, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
First published in Sp. Pl.: 171 (1753)
-  Pax & Knuth in Engl. Pflanzenr. 4, 237, Primulac.: 336 (1905).
-  —F.T.A. 3: 490
-  Sp. Pl, 1: 171 (1753).
Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2017). Published on the internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp
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