1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Elephantopus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical, Africa, Southern America, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with annual stems from woody rootstocks; roots many, thong-like; indument of stiff hairs; stems branching in their distal part
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, the upper ones diminishing in size and grading into inflorescence bracts
    Capitulum
    Capitula homogamous, few-flowered, tightly packed into glomerules subtended by bracts; phyllaries few-seriate, ± cartilaginous with pungent apices
    Corolla
    Corolla 5-lobed, more deeply cleft on one side.
    Anthers
    Anthers sagittate.
    Style
    Style branches linear, hairy
    Fruits
    Achenes 10-ribbed, usually glandular between the ribs; pappus 1-seriate, the bases scale-like but rapidly tapering and barbellate bristle-like above.
    [FZ]

    Compositae, G. V. Pope. Flora Zambesiaca 6:1. 1992

    Habit
    Perennial ± hirsute herbs with annual stems from woody rootstocks; roots numerous, thong-like.
    Indumentum
    Vegetative indumentum sparse to dense, consisting of patent to appressed stiff bristle-like hairs.
    Stem
    Stems 1-several, leafy or scapiform, branching above.
    Leaves
    Leaves alternate, often basal, sessile, or narrowly attenuate and petiole-like before widening into a ± stem-clasping, ± stem-sheathing base; upper leaves grading into leaf-like bracts.
    Capitulum
    Capitula homogamous, few-flowered, numerous, syncephalous in bracteate glomerules; glomerules terminal on stiff synflorescence branches, laxly corymbiform-cymose tending to be subscorpioid-cymose in arrangement.
    Involucre
    Involucres narrowly ovoid-cylindric; phyllaries few-seriate, ± cartilaginous with pungent apices, strigose to densely hispid or glabrescent.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle small, plane.
    Corolla
    Corollas 5-lobed, asymmetric, more deeply cleft on one side.
    Anthers
    Anthers sagittate at the base.
    Style
    Style arms linear-terete, hairy.
    Fruits
    Achenes narrowly turbinate-cylindric, c. 10-ribbed, usually glandular between the ribs, setulose; pappus 1-seriate, setae 5–10 with bases broad scale-like and usually overlapping, gradually or abruptly tapering and subterete barbellate above.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Laos, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Mali, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Jersey, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Caroline Is., Congo, Cook Is., Ethiopia, Fiji, Guinea-Bissau, Hawaii, Marianas, Marquesas, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Queensland, Seychelles, Society Is., Sudan, Tonga

    Elephantopus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 814 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 3: 298.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull.43: 272–274 (1988).
    • Wild & G.V. Pope in Kirkia10: 340–342 (1977).
    • Philipson in Journ. Bot. 76: 299–305 (1938).
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 355 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl.: 814 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Wild & G.V. Pope in Kirkia 10:340–342 (1977)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 355 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 814 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0