1. Family: Meliaceae Juss.
    1. Carapa Aubl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical America, Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

    Habit
    Trees of very variable habit and size
    Leaves
    Leaves usually paripinnate and with an apical gland, or exceptionally imparipinnate, often crowded at the ends of stout branchlets
    Flowers
    Flowers 4–5(–6)-merous, unisexual, in large much-branched panicles
    Calyx
    Calyx small, lobed almost to the base; lobes imbricate
    Corolla
    Petals 4–5(–6), slightly contorted, spreading in open flowers
    Stamens
    Staminal tube urceolate, very similar to that of Khaya
    Disc
    Disk cushion-shaped, surrounding the base of the ovary and free from the staminal tube
    Pistil
    Ovary 4–5(–6)-locular, with 2–8 ovules in each locule; style-head discoid with a crenulate margin
    Fruits
    Fruit a large, pendulous, leathery, subglobose septifragal capsule, which falls from the tree entire and breaks open on striking the ground; columella poorly developed
    Seeds
    Seeds large, usually about 12–20, subangular, with a woody but buoyant outer covering.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Leeward Is., Liberia, Mali, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Vietnam

    Carapa Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [8008], Cameroon K000518760
    Sep 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [8008], Cameroon K000580211
    Sep 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [8008], Cameroon K000580212
    Sep 1, 2009 Etuge, M. [4889], Cameroon K000518759
    Jan 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [5516], Cameroon K000518761
    Jan 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [5516], Cameroon K000580214
    Jan 1, 1994 Watts, J. [632], Cameroon K000436144
    Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [733], Cameroon K000437520
    Pennington, R.T. [327], Guyana 29047.777
    Cazalet, P. [5044], Ecuador 22675.000
    Cheek, M. [7361], Cameroon K000460134

    First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane 2(Suppl.): 32 (1775)

    Accepted by

    • Kenfack, D. (2011). A synoptic revision of Carapa (Meliaceae) Harvard Papers in Botany 16: 171-231.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam 19B, 1: 77 (1940).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 336
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Pennington & Styles in Blumea 22: 524 (1975)
    • Noamesi, A revision of the Xylocarpeae, unpublished thesis University of Wisconsin: 35 (1958)
    • Hist. Pl. Guiane. Fr. 2, Suppl.: 32, t. 387 (1775)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0