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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Lamium L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, Macaronesia to Ethiopia.


    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Annual or rhizomatous or stoloniferous perennial herbs, pubescent with simple hairs
    Leaves toothed to deeply lobed, at least lower petiolate
    Inflorescence thyrsoid
    Calyx 5-lobed, lobes subequal or unequal (1/4)
    Corolla strongly 2-lipped, 4-5-lobed, (1-2/3), pink, purple, yellow or white, posterior lip long, hooded, often ± arched, often densely hairy outside, anterior lip with lateral lobes short and broad with 1-2 teeth or triangular-acute, median lobe mostly b
    Stamens not or very shortly exserted from corolla, anthers hairy or glabrous, thecae weakly distinct, bearded or glabrous
    Stigma-lobes subequal or slightly unequal
    Nutlets truncate or subtruncate at apex, glabrous.
    2n = (14), 18, 36.  Seventeen to c. 30 species. Many authors place the divergent L. galeobdolon (L.) L. in a separate genus, characterized by having glabrous anthers, spiny bracts and calyx lobes, with an acute rather narrow median lobe of the lower lip o
    Mainly disturbed ground, hill slopes and forests
    Temperate regions of Old World, from Europe and Northern Africa to Eastern Asia, introduced to other temperate or mountainous areas in Oceania and America

    Illecebraceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Low shrublet with stiff, erect or suberect branches.
    Leaves opposite but appearing as though verticillate; stipules free, scarious.
    Flowers in dense, subsessile, axillary cymes.
    Receptacle cupuliform.
    Sepals 5, small, free.
    Petals 5, minute.
    Stamens 1–2, like the perianth-parts perigynous.
    Ovary 1-locular with two basal ovules; style filiform, persistent.
    Fruit indehiscent, 1–2-seeded, surrounded by the persistent sepals and bracts; the rhachides of the inflorescence and lower parts of the bracts all enlarging and becoming fleshy in fruit.
    Seeds with a curved embryo.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Mongolia, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Antipodean Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bermuda, Bolivia, British Columbia, California, Chile Central, Chile North, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Falkland Is., Florida, Free State, Georgia, Greenland, Hawaii, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Labrador, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, St.Helena, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Lamium L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 579 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Mennema, Leiden Botanical Series 11: 1-196 (1989).
    • Lamiella Fourr., Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 134 (1869).
    • Lamiopsis Opiz, Seznam: 56 (1852).
    • Wiedemannia Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Index Seminum (LE) 4: 51 (1838).
    • Psilopsis Neck., Elem. Bot. 1: 319 (1790), opus utique oppr.
    • Pollichia Schrank, Act. Erford. 3: 35 (1782)., (1781), non Pollichia Aiton.
    • Galeobdolon Adans., Fam. Pl. 2: 190 (1763).
    • Lamiastrum Heist. ex Fabr., Enum.: 51 (1759).
    • Lamium L., Sp. Pl. 2: 579 (1753)
    • Orvala L., Sp. Pl.: 578 (1753).


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew