1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Camptosema Hook. & Arn.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.

    [LOWO]

    Legumes of the World. Edited by G. Lewis, B. Schrire, B. MacKinder & M. Lock. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2005)

    Note

    Previous accounts of the Phaseoleae by Baudet (1978) and Lackey (1981) recognised 90 and 84 genera and c. 1540 and 1480 species respectively in the tribe. In an equivalent, i.e. traditionally held view of Phaseoleae, 89 genera and (1554)–1567–(1580) species are treated here (Table 9; Fig. 47). Changes between Baudet (1978) and this treatment are that eleven genera are now in synonymy or have subsequently been placed in Millettieae, two genera have been transferred from Desmodieae and eight new genera have been added. Vigna has traditionally been thought to comprise some 150–200 species, but Vigna sens. strict. may contain fewer than 100.

    Recent molecular analyses of the tribe, however, have emphasised both the polyphyletic and paraphyletic nature of Phaseoleae as traditionally circumscribed (Bruneau & Doyle, 1990; Doyle & Doyle, 1993; Delgado Salinas et al., 1993; Bruneau et al., 1995; Doyle et al., 1997, 2000; Kajita et al., 2001; Goel et al., 2001; Lee & Hymowitz, 2001). This has required a radical realignment of elements of the phaseoloids (Table 9; Fig. 47), with at least two major clades being evident: Phaseoleae subtribes Diocleinae and Ophrestiinae which together with tribe Abreae are allied to the core-Millettieae (Fig. 45), and the remaining groups comprising a Phaseoleae sens. lat. clade. The rbcL phylogeny of Kajita et al. (2001) and the ITS analysis of Hu et al. (2002) are equivocal as to which clade subtribe Clitoriinae belongs. Phaseoleae sens. lat. also includes two traditionally independent tribes, the Desmodieae and Psoraleeae. Delimiting a recircumscribed Phaseoleae sens. strict is thus very problematic. A solution may be to recognise a broad tribe Phaseoleae, comprising the subtribes Kennediinae, Cajaninae, Phaseolinae and Glycininae, assorted basally branching genera, and tribes Desmodieae and Psoraleeae (both treated at subtribal level).

    Generic delimitation from Galactia is problematic for the type species, C. rubicundum Hook. & Arn.; the genus is polyphyletic in the analysis of Queiroz et al. (2003), with Camptosema sens. strict. related to Galactia, the Bionia clade to Cymbosema and Dioclea sens. strict., and two further species to the Cratylia clade
    Habit
    Lianas, vines or shrubs
    Ecology
    Tropical seasonally dry to wet forest or upland woodland, wooded grassland (cerrado) to rocky shrubland or grassland (caatinga)
    Distribution
    two centres in tropical and subtropical S America (EC Brazil; type species from S Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay, Uruguay

    Camptosema Hook. & Arn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Lindeman, J.C. [892], Brazil K000930294
    Lima, A. [58-2942], Brazil K000930295
    Brooks, R.R. [TMEX475], Brazil K000930292
    Brooks, R.R. [570], Brazil K000930293
    Gibbs, P.E. [2421], Brazil K000930296
    Hatschbach, G. [68990], Brazil Bionia K000930379
    Hatschbach, G. [71312], Brazil Bionia K000930380
    Hatschbach, G. [75993], Brazil Bionia K000930381
    Giulietti, A.M. [2238], Brazil Bionia K000930382
    Guedes, M.L. [PCD3036], Brazil Bionia K000930377
    Fonseca, M.L. [1797], Brazil Bionia K000930375
    Fonseca, M.L. [1856], Brazil Bionia K000930376
    Leite, E.J. [13], Brazil Bionia K000930378

    First published in Bot. Misc. 3: 200 (1833)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Legumes of the World Online
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0