1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum cyanescens Nees ex Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Mexico to Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms decumbent; slender; 30-50 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Lateral branches ample; arising from mid culm and upper culm. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; glabrous on surface; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane, or a ciliate membrane; 0.3 mm long. Leaf-blades ascending, or spreading, or reflexed; lanceolate, or oblong; 3-8 cm long; 4-5 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal, or terminal and axillary. Panicle open; ovate; 3-6 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading. Panicle branches flexuous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 1.5 mm long; 0.9 mm wide; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; obtuse; 1.5 mm long; 0.9 mm wide; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.66-0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Upper glume surface smooth, or wrinkled. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea, or without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; obtuse. Fertile lemma elliptic, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; 1.2 mm long; 0.8 mm wide; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; pubescent (obscurely). Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Chase 1994.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Orinoquia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Cuba, Honduras, Mexico Southeast, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Panicum cyanescens Nees ex Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2009 Zappi, D.C. [877], Mato Grosso K000579255
    May 1, 1998 Nascimento, M.S.B. [1222], Brazil K001078890
    Jan 1, 1973 Irwin, H.S. [22802], Brazil K001078912
    Jan 1, 1973 Cavalcante, P.B. [2417], Brazil K001078902
    Jan 1, 1973 Prance, G.T. [8578], Brazil K001078915
    Harley, R.M. [17365], Bahia K000003602
    Harley, R.M. [17322], Bahia K000003606
    Harley, R.M. [17156], Bahia K000003603
    Harley, R.M. [17153], Bahia K000003601
    Harley, R.M. [15966], Bahia K000003605
    Harley, R.M. [5004], Brazil K001078889
    Philcox, D. [4108], Brazil K001078921
    Clayton, W.D. [4966], Brazil K001078917
    Onishi, E. [961], Brazil K001078920
    Blanchet [2446], Bahia K000003617 isosyntype
    Eiten, G. [7015], Brazil K001078913
    Swallen, J.R. [3273], Brazil K001078903
    Gifford, D.R. [6138], Brazil K001078922
    Smith, L.B. [14500], Brazil K001078916
    Dusén, P. [18063], Brazil K001078905
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001078893
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001078894
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001078895
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001078896
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K001078897
    Macedo, A. [5161], Brazil K001078909
    Cowan [2195] K000309253 isotype
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17950], Brazil K000309246
    Paula, J.E. de [1430], Brazil K001078892
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2284], Brazil K001078904
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [15696], Brazil K001078910
    Rambo, L. [31768], Brazil K001078898
    Mexia, Y.E.J. [5800], Brazil K001078914
    Hatschbach, G.G. [43569], Brazil K001078888
    Hatschbach, G.G. [21210], Brazil K001078906
    Hatschbach, G.G. [12451], Brazil K001078907
    Hatschbach, G.G. [35870], Brazil K001078908
    Hatschbach, G.G. [23797], Brazil K001078918
    Kirkbride, M.C.G. [1493], Brazil K001078887
    s.coll. [633], Brazil K001078900
    s.coll. [1280], Brazil K001078901
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001078923
    Spruce, R. [s.n.], Brazil K001078899
    Jansen, A. [75], Brazil K001078891
    Monteiro, L.S. [s.n.], Brazil K001078911
    Smith, G.J. [177], Brazil K001078919

    First published in Gram. Panic.: 202 (1826)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/