1. Family: Clusiaceae Lindl.
    1. Symphonia L.f.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa, Southern America and Northern America..

    [FZ]

    Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Medium or large trees, rarely shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate, entire, ± coriaceous, glabrous, with ± prominent venation, opaque or rarely with translucent glands.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a terminal one- to many-flowered, corymbose or umbellate cyme.
    Flowers
    Flowers pedicellate, bisexual.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5.
    Corolla
    Petals 5, incurved at anthesis.
    Androecium
    Androecium of 5 fascicles of stamens united to form a tube round the ovary and 5 united fasciclodes forming an annulus outside the stamen tube.
    Pistil
    Ovary 5-locular; loculi (1) few — ?-ovulate; styles 5, united below, spreading above; stigmas minute.
    Fruits
    Fruit a 1–3-seeded berry with tough epidermis.
    Seeds
    Seeds large, with a fibrous aril.
    [FTEA]

    Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Medium or large trees, rarely shrubs, with yellowish sap
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite or subopposite, with numerous parallel lateral nerves running into a submarginal nerve; secretory canals not very visible
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, in sessile cymes, umbels or corymbs at the apices of short lateral branches or rarely solitary
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, imbricate, persistent
    Corolla
    Petals 5, contorted, deciduous
    Disc
    Disc cupuliform, ± 5-angled, persistent
    Stamens
    Stamens joined into a tube surrounding the ovary, divided at the summit into groups of 2–6 anthers, deciduous
    Pistil
    Ovary 5-locular, with 1–12 ovules in each locule; styles 5, joined at the base, then spreading-divergent at the apex, persistent
    Fruits
    Berries with 1(–3) seeds
    Seeds
    Seeds arillate with a thick entire embryo.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Peru, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

    Symphonia L.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Harley, R.M. [22177], Brazil 72763.000
    Tuley, P. [1074], Nigeria 39671.000
    McWhirter, J. [217], Madagascar 31892.000

    First published in Suppl. Pl.: 49 (1782)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 163.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Suppl. Pl.: 49 (1781).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Suppl. Pl.: 49 (1781)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0