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  1. Family: Cucurbitaceae Juss.
    1. Melothria L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [FTEA]

    Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

    Habit
    Herbaceous climbers; stems sparsely crisped-hairy
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, palmately lobed, petiolate
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple
    Flowers
    Flowers rather small, yellow, monoecious Female flowers solitary, stalked; ovary subcylindrical, terete; ovules many, horizontal; perianth and disk as in ♂ flower; staminodes 3, short, subulate, inserted on tube; stigma 3-lobed Male flowers in shortly racemiform or subumbellate simple or compound pedunculate clusters, pedicellate; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes rather small, lanceolate; petals united at the base; stamens 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous, shortly inserted on about the middle of the tube; anthers subpeltate; thecae straight, apically hooked; disk cup-shaped, not distinct from base of receptacle-tube
    Male
    Male flowers in shortly racemiform or subumbellate simple or compound pedunculate clusters, pedicellate; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes rather small, lanceolate; petals united at the base; stamens 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous, shortly inserted on about the middle of the tube; anthers subpeltate; thecae straight, apically hooked; disk cup-shaped, not distinct from base of receptacle-tube
    Female
    Female flowers solitary, stalked; ovary subcylindrical, terete; ovules many, horizontal; perianth and disk as in ♂ flower; staminodes 3, short, subulate, inserted on tube; stigma 3-lobed
    Fruits
    Fruit rather large, cylindrical-ellipsoid, rounded apically, smooth, rather firm-walled, fleshy, indehiscent, cream with green streaks
    Seeds
    Seeds rather large, ovate in outline, compressed, smooth, pure white
    Figures
    Fig. 20, p. 118.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Suriname, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Virginia, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Taiwan, Uganda, Zaïre

    Accepted Species

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Melothria L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 35 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • —F.T.A. 2: 562.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0