1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea pulchella L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; 200-300 cm long; 2-3 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 9.5-15 cm long; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes without obvious supra-nodal ridge. Lateral branches dendroid; infravaginal. Bud complement 20-36. Branch complement many; in a horizontal line; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; 9.8-11.2 cm long; retrorsely scabrous; hairy on margins. Culm-sheath blade triangular; indistinctly demarcated from sheath; erect; 0.9-1 cm long; glabrous on surface. Leaves 7-10 per branch. Leaf-sheaths pilose; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.3-0.5 mm long; truncate. Collar with external ligule; glabrous. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1 cm long; petiole pilose. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 3.5-7.1 cm long; 2.5-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; densely hairy; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins ciliate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; bracteate at branch bases and bracteate at pedicel base (rarely). Panicle open; oblong; 2 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; 0.5 cm long. Panicle axis pubescent (below). Panicle branches angular; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels angular; 1-2 mm long; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5.5-5.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5.5-5.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.9-1.1 mm long; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1.2-1.7 mm long; 0.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 2.5-2.7 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3 -veined; pubescent; hairy below; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 4.5-5.2 mm long; chartaceous; pubescent; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 4.7-5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex acute. Palea 5-5.5 mm long; 4-6 -veined. Palea surface scabrous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 0.9-1.4 mm long; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3; 2.6 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea pulchella L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Davidse, G. [10950], Brazil K000925369
    Apr 1, 1993 Clark, L. [939], Brazil K000925370 isotype
    Apr 1, 1993 Clark, L. [726], Brazil K000925371

    First published in Novon 3: 236 (1993)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0