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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.
Kalanchoe pinnata

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Biennial or perennial, rarely annual succulent herbs or subshrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually opposite, entire or deeply incised, or 3-foliate or pinnately 5-foliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, usually many-flowered corymbose or paniculate cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, the occasional aberrant flower 3- or 5-merous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx shorter than or sometimes equalling the corolla-tube, deeply 4-lobed or 4-fid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular for at least two-thirds of its length, gibbous at the base; lobes spreading or reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8, in 2 series, usually included; filaments inserted on the corolla-tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales 4
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 4, free to slightly connate at the base; styles usually shorter than the ovaries; ovules numerous.

[FZ]

Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Biennial or perennial or sometimes annual succulent herbs often with subrosulate leaves and scape-like inflorescence-axes, sometimes undershrubs or shrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually opposite and decussate, connate at the base, the lower more or less approximate, the uppermost bract-like, sessile or petiolate; lamina undivided or rarely pinnatifid, entire, crenate or serrate, usually flat, sometimes semiterete, fleshy-succulent, sometimes thin.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal, panicle- or corymb-like or thyrsoid, composed of cymes, usually many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, erect, 4; pedicellate, medium-sized or ± large.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx shorter than or sometimes equalling the corolla-tube, completely green or lineolate with purple or red; sepals nearly free or more or less connate, rarely up to or beyond the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla gamopetalous along at least the lower 2/3; tube ± distinctly 4-angled, rounded and swollen near the base, usually constricted upwards; lobes 4, spreading or reflexed or erect and sometimes connivent, ± succulent, sometimes minutely papillose above, usually apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8, usually included; filaments ± connate with the corolla-tube, free above the middle of the tube; anthers ovate or oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 4, slightly connate at the base; styles usually shorter than the ovaries.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, oblong, with longitudinally rugose tegument.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Scales semi-orbicular to linear, entire, crenulate or ± emarginate at the top.

[FTEA]

Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs, erect or ascending, fleshy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, simple or imparipinnate, often bearing bulbils along the margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal or terminal and axillary paniculate cymes; flowers 4-merous, pedicellate, pendulous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cylindrical or globose-campanulate to globose-inflated, shortly 4-fid, persistent, accrescent in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla cylindrical-gibbous or subcampanulate to urceolate; lobes spreading
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8, in 2 series, inserted near the base of the corolla-tube; filaments filiform
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Nectary scales 4, oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 4, distinct or slightly connate at the base, shorter than the style; ovules numerous.

[FZ]

Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Succulent herbs, undershrubs or shrubs, usually with erect stem.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, verticillate or alternate, simple and unlobed or lobed to pinnatifid or sometimes pinnate, usually petiolate, rarely sessile, flat or sometimes terete, ± fleshy-succulent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, usually corymb-like, loose to dense, few-to many-flowered, rarely panicle-like.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, large, in ± long pedicels, usually pendulous, brightly coloured.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx shorter than the corolla; sepals 4, rarely free, usually ± connate below, sometimes into a ± long cylindric, campanulate or swollen-urceolate tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla gamopetalous; tube subcylindric or urceolate, ± distinctly 4-angled, straight or slightly curved; lobes ovate, triangular or semicircular, usually shorter than the corolla-tube, spreading or reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8, inserted at the base or below the middle of corolla-tube; filaments ± exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 4, ± connate below; styles longer than the ovaries, usually exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles with numerous seeds.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblong or obovoid with rugulose tegument.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Nectaries
Scales semicircular, quadrate or linear.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Succulent plants, ± erect
Morphology Leaves
Leaves fleshy, opposite or verticillate, simple, lobed or pinnate, usually petiolate, producing adventitious plantlets usually along the margins of the leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, corymbose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4-merous, pendulous, pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals usually united into a calyx tube, not exceeding corolla
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular, lobes spreading or reflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8, usually inserted in lower half of base of corolla tube
Morphology General Scales
Scales rounded or rectangular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style longer than ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, ± oblong, angular, rugulose.
Distribution
Originating in Madagascar, there are more than 30 species of Bryophyllum, many of which are cultivated.
Note
Bryophyllum (from the Gr. βρηο bryo to sprout and φηλλον phyllon a leaf, the name refers to the adventitious plantlets produced on the leaves. The production of these numerous propagules accounts for many escapes into the wild.)

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Algeria, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Ascension, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Kermadec Is., Leeward Is., Liberia, Line Is., Madeira, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marcus I., Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, St.Helena, Sumatera, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Venezuela, Victoria, Wake I., Western Australia, Windward Is.

Kalanchoe Adans. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bullock, A.A. [3976], Zambia 13859.000
Williams, G.R. [468], Kenya 13863.000
13864.000
Myres, Zimbabwe 14444.000
Philippines 29047.222
Mc Whinter, Madagascar 29047.261
Bleher [837], Madagascar 34402.000
Bogner, J. 34671.000
Tweedie, E.M. [551], Kenya 8519.000
Napier, E.R. [6657], Kenya 8522.000
Tweedie, E.M. [552], Kenya 8523.000
Bryophyllum 16546.000

First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 248 (1763)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 390.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Fam. Pl. 2: 248 (1763).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Fam. Pl. 2: 248 (1763)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/