1. Family: Crassulaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Kalanchoe Adans.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Brazil, Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Biennial or perennial, rarely annual succulent herbs or subshrubs
    Leaves
    Leaves usually opposite, entire or deeply incised, or 3-foliate or pinnately 5-foliate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, usually many-flowered corymbose or paniculate cymes
    Flowers
    Flowers 4-merous, the occasional aberrant flower 3- or 5-merous
    Calyx
    Calyx shorter than or sometimes equalling the corolla-tube, deeply 4-lobed or 4-fid
    Corolla
    Corolla tubular for at least two-thirds of its length, gibbous at the base; lobes spreading or reflexed
    Stamens
    Stamens 8, in 2 series, usually included; filaments inserted on the corolla-tube
    Nectaries
    Nectary scales 4
    Carpels
    Carpels 4, free to slightly connate at the base; styles usually shorter than the ovaries; ovules numerous.
    [FZ]

    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Biennial or perennial or sometimes annual succulent herbs often with subrosulate leaves and scape-like inflorescence-axes, sometimes undershrubs or shrubs.
    Leaves
    Leaves usually opposite and decussate, connate at the base, the lower more or less approximate, the uppermost bract-like, sessile or petiolate; lamina undivided or rarely pinnatifid, entire, crenate or serrate, usually flat, sometimes semiterete, fleshy-succulent, sometimes thin.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal, panicle- or corymb-like or thyrsoid, composed of cymes, usually many-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4-merous, erect, 4; pedicellate, medium-sized or ± large.
    Calyx
    Calyx shorter than or sometimes equalling the corolla-tube, completely green or lineolate with purple or red; sepals nearly free or more or less connate, rarely up to or beyond the middle.
    Corolla
    Corolla gamopetalous along at least the lower 2/3; tube ± distinctly 4-angled, rounded and swollen near the base, usually constricted upwards; lobes 4, spreading or reflexed or erect and sometimes connivent, ± succulent, sometimes minutely papillose above, usually apiculate.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8, usually included; filaments ± connate with the corolla-tube, free above the middle of the tube; anthers ovate or oblong.
    Carpels
    Carpels 4, slightly connate at the base; styles usually shorter than the ovaries.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, oblong, with longitudinally rugose tegument.
    Nectaries
    Scales semi-orbicular to linear, entire, crenulate or ± emarginate at the top.
    [FTEA]

    Crassulaceae, G.E. Wickens. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, erect or ascending, fleshy
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, simple or imparipinnate, often bearing bulbils along the margin
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal or terminal and axillary paniculate cymes; flowers 4-merous, pedicellate, pendulous
    Calyx
    Calyx cylindrical or globose-campanulate to globose-inflated, shortly 4-fid, persistent, accrescent in fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla cylindrical-gibbous or subcampanulate to urceolate; lobes spreading
    Stamens
    Stamens 8, in 2 series, inserted near the base of the corolla-tube; filaments filiform
    Nectaries
    Nectary scales 4, oblong
    Carpels
    Carpels 4, distinct or slightly connate at the base, shorter than the style; ovules numerous.
    [FZ]

    Crassulaceae, R. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Succulent herbs, undershrubs or shrubs, usually with erect stem.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, verticillate or alternate, simple and unlobed or lobed to pinnatifid or sometimes pinnate, usually petiolate, rarely sessile, flat or sometimes terete, ± fleshy-succulent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence terminal, usually corymb-like, loose to dense, few-to many-flowered, rarely panicle-like.
    Flowers
    Flowers 4-merous, large, in ± long pedicels, usually pendulous, brightly coloured.
    Calyx
    Calyx shorter than the corolla; sepals 4, rarely free, usually ± connate below, sometimes into a ± long cylindric, campanulate or swollen-urceolate tube.
    Corolla
    Corolla gamopetalous; tube subcylindric or urceolate, ± distinctly 4-angled, straight or slightly curved; lobes ovate, triangular or semicircular, usually shorter than the corolla-tube, spreading or reflexed.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8, inserted at the base or below the middle of corolla-tube; filaments ± exserted.
    Carpels
    Carpels 4, ± connate below; styles longer than the ovaries, usually exserted.
    Fruits
    Follicles with numerous seeds.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong or obovoid with rugulose tegument.
    Nectaries
    Scales semicircular, quadrate or linear.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Algeria, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Ascension, Assam, Azores, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Chagos Archipelago, Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Haiti, Hawaii, Italy, Jamaica, Kermadec Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madeira, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Marcus I., Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Texas, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Venezuela, Victoria, Windward Is.

    Kalanchoe Adans. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    13864.000
    Philippines 29047.222
    Tweedie, E.M. [551], Kenya 8519.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [552], Kenya 8523.000
    Bullock, A.A. [3976], Zambia 13859.000
    Napier, E.R. [6657], Kenya 8522.000
    Williams, G.R. [468], Kenya 13863.000
    Myres, Zimbabwe 14444.000
    Bogner, J. 34671.000
    Mc Whinter, Madagascar 29047.261
    Bleher [837], Madagascar 34402.000
    Bryophyllum 16546.000

    First published in Fam. Pl. 2: 248 (1763)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 390.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fam. Pl. 2: 248 (1763).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fam. Pl. 2: 248 (1763)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0