1. Family: Pedaliaceae R.Br.
    1. Sesamum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Asia-Tropical and Africa..

    [FTEA]

    Pedaliaceae, A. Bruce. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1953

    Habit
    Annual or perennial, erect or procumbent herbs
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile or petiolate, entire, lobed or partite, often varying on the same plant
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, shortly pedicellate, white, pink or purple, sometimes spotted within
    Calyx
    Calyx persistent or deciduous
    Inflorescences
    Pedicels usually short, with nectarial glands at the base
    Corolla
    Corolla foxglove-like, obliquely campanulate, limb sub-bilabiate, lowest lobe the longest
    Stamens
    Filaments slender; anthers dorsifixed, cells parallel, connective gland-tipped
    Disc
    Disc annular, regular
    Ovary
    Ovary 2-celled, subcylindrical; cells divided almost to the apex by a false septum; ovules numerous, 1-seriate in each division
    Fruits
    Capsule oblong or sub-obconical, grooved, beaked at the apex
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, obovate, compressed, winged or wingless, smooth or rugose.
    [FZ]

    Pedaliaceae, H. D. Ihlenfeldt. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Annual or perennial, erect herbs, sometimes shrubs (not in the Flora Zambesiaca area) Leaves sessile or petiolate, lamina entire, lobed or digitate, often varying on the same plant.
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, shortly pedicellate with extra-floral nectaries (reduced flowers) at the base.
    Calyx
    Calyx persistent or deciduous.
    Corolla
    Corolla white, pink or purple, obliquely campanulate, limb sub-bilabiate, lowest lobe the longest.
    Anthers
    Anthers dorsifixed, thecae parallel, connective gland-tipped.
    Disc
    Disk annular, regular.
    Ovary
    Ovary bilocular, subcylindrical; loculi divided almost to the apex by a false septum; ovules numerous, uniseriate in each division.
    Fruits
    Fruits longitudinally dehiscent capsules, cultrate to narrowly oblong or obconical in lateral view, 4-sulcate, rostrate at the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, obovate, compressed, winged or with a double, rarely single fringe, testa smooth or rugose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Andaman Is., Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Bulgaria, Cambodia, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana, Galápagos, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Krym, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madagascar, Malaya, Manchuria, Mauritius, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Peru, Philippines, Qinghai, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Suriname, Tadzhikistan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Sesamum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Ash [522], Ethiopia 58525.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 634 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 550.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 282 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. ed. 1: 634 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5, 282 (1754)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0