1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Carex L.
      1. Carex lycurus K.Schum.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Central, E. & S. Tropical Africa (Mountains).

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Type: Tanzania, Lushoto District: W Usambaras, Heboma, Holst 2554 (B†, lecto., K, isolecto.!)(Note: K. Schumann cited two Holst numbers but Haines & Lye have given Holst 2554 as the type. All Cyperaceae were burnt at B except some Cyperus and Eleocharis types.)
    Habit
    Perennial herb 0.3–2 m tall with stout tufts from a creeping rhizome, the bases stout and triangular
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 60 cm long, (5.5–)7–12.5 mm wide, slightly scabrid to smooth; basal sheaths pale brownish
    Bracts
    Lower bracts 2–14 cm long in some specimens but often not developed.
    Inflorescences
    Individual spikes 1.5–2.5 cm long, mainly female with some males at top. Inflorescences green and brown, (3–)6–11.5 cm long, 1–3 cm wide, interrupted and ± lobulate, the stalk scabrid below the inflorescence.
    Glume
    Glumes chestnut with green margins and keel, thin, ovate, lanceolate, 3 mm long
    Style
    Style branches 2
    Fruits
    Nutlets dark, 2 mm long including persistent style-base. Utricle greenish often dark or black with age (always?), ovoid-lanceolate, ± 4 mm long, drawn out into a narrow beak forming ± half the length of the utricle, convex side with 6–9(–14) prominent continuous ribs, the beak margins ± scabrid
    [FWTA]

    Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Perennial 30–60 cm. high
    Rhizomes
    A long creeping rhizome
    Leaf sheaths
    Pale brown basal leaf-sheaths
    Inflorescences
    A dense, light yellowish brown inflorescence
    Ecology
    Montane forests 7,000–8,000 ft.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Carex lycurus K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1936 Holst, C. [2554], Tanzania K000363454 lectotype
    Feb 14, 1899 Holst, C. [8971], Tanzania K000363453
    Feb 14, 1899 Holst, C. [8971], Tanzania K000363455 syntype
    Bidgood, S. [5263], Tanzania K000190492

    First published in H.G.A.Engler, Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 129 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Gehrke, B. (2011). Synopsis of Carex (Cyperaceae) from sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 51-99.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Carex conferta var. lycurus.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Carex conferta var. lycurus.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr. Cyperaceae—Caricoideae: 127.
    • F.T.A. 8: 517
    • in Engl., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrika C: 129 (1895)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Gehrke, B. (2011). Synopsis of Carex (Cyperaceae) from sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 51-99.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (106): 9, fig. 17 (1963).
    • E.P. 4, 20 (Cyp.-Car.): 172 (1909)
    • F.T.A. 8: 517 (1902)
    • P.O.A. C.: 129 (1895)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0