1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Centella L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Perennial herbs, sometimes woody at the base, procumbent to sprawling, scrambling or bushy and suberect
    Leaves
    Leaves solitary or in groups of several together, simple, linear and terete to broadly reniform
    Inflorescences
    Umbels numerous, simple, axillary, sessile or pedunculate; involucre of 2–4 bracts
    Calyx
    Calyx-teeth obsolete
    Corolla
    Petals greenish white or reddish purple, incurved but with no distinct apical lobule
    Flowers
    Flowers all hermaphrodite, or else polygamous (not in E. Africa)
    Fruits
    Fruit glabrous or pilose, laterally compressed with the mericarps narrowed to the very narrow, flat commissure; primary ribs narrow but prominent, secondary ribs usually also obvious; vittae absent; stylopodia small to obsolete; styles short; carpophore absent
    Seeds
    Endosperm strongly laterally compressed, elliptic, strengthened by a bony endocarp.
    [FZ]

    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Perennial herbs becoming woody at the base in some species.
    Stem
    Stems often procumbent and rooting at the nodes, sometimes decumbent and sprawling over rocks or other plants.
    Leaves
    Leaves in groups of 2—many, rarely single.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels simple and axillary, sessile or pedunculate, with 1—many rays.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite or male, together or in separate umbels (male flowers often 3 together on a common pedicel).
    Corolla
    Petals greenish-white, sometimes tinged with red.
    Involucre
    Involucre of 2 bracts persisting into the fruiting stage.
    Fruits
    Fruit laterally flattened, somewhat constricted at the commissure; primary ribs usually well developed, sometimes with well-developed secondary ribs also; stylopodium obsolete, styles divergent; carpophore absent; commissural face of the seed flat.
    Vittae
    An oil-bearing layer of cells is present beneath the pericarp epidermis and these occasionally differentiate into small vittae.
    Seeds
    A layer of strengthening cells surrounds the seed cavity.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Free State, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maryland, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Ascension, Bermuda, Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., Hawaii, Niue, Norfolk Is., Seychelles, Society Is., St.Helena, Tristan da Cunha

    Centella L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 1393 (1763)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 2: 1393 (1763).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 6: 485 (1764).
    • Sp. Pl, ed. 2, 2: 1393 (1763)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 6: 485 (1764)
    • Sp. Pl., ed. 2: 1393 (1763)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0