1. Family: Aizoaceae Martinov
    1. Trianthema L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

    Habit
    Procumbent diffuse glabrous, papulose, or pubescent succulent mostly annual herbs
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, those of a pair often unequal, linear to almost orbicular, entire, petiolate or sessile Leaf-bases membranous-dilated, often connate in pairs and with small stipuliform lobes
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary, fascicled or glomerulate, free or connate, sessile or stalked
    Calyx
    Calyx gamosepalous, 5-lobed; lobes usually with a distinct subapical dorsal mucro
    Stamens
    Stamens 5-many, episepalous, when definite alternate with the calyx-lobes
    Ovary
    Ovary of one carpel, unilocular, apex truncate or depressed around the style; ovules and seeds 2-many; placentation parietal.
    [FZ]

    Aizoaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Prostrate, procumbent, ascending or erect, glabrous, papillose or pubescent, succulent, mostly annual herbs; stems with long often unequal internodes.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, those of a pair often unequal, linear to almost orbicular, entire, petiolate or sessile; leaf-bases membranous, dilated, often connate in pairs and with small stipuliform lobes.
    Flowers
    Flowers axillary, solitary or more often in groups, free or connate, ± sessile.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments distinctly united at base into a tube, the lobes ascending, mucronate behind the tip.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5–?, attached to the perianth, when definite alternate with the perianth lobes.
    Ovary
    Ovary of 1 carpel, 1-locular, with 2–? ovules; placentation parietal.
    Fruits
    Fruit circumscissile, enclosed by the perianth, the lid ± truncate, with thickened bands, the apex thin and often depressed.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2–?.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina, California, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Louisiana, Malawi, Mali, Maryland, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Sudan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Utah, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Extinct in:

    New South Wales

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Brazil Northeast, Colorado, St.Helena

    Trianthema L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 223 (1753)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 2: 587.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 105(1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 223(1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 105 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 223 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0