1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Hibiscus L.
      1. Hibiscus tiliaceus L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.


    Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Lectotype: India, Herb. Hermann 3: 51, No. 259 (BM-000594693)
    Tree to 9 m tall.
    Stems glabrous or sparsely to densely stellate-pubescent, becoming brown-grey with prominent lenticels
    Leaves ovate to orbicular, 6–22 × 6–23 cm, unlobed or rarely 3-lobed, apex acuminate or rounded, base cordate, margin entire to obscurely dentate, glabrous or sparsely stellate-pubescent above, glabrous or stellatetomentose below; petiole 6–15(–17) cm long, sparsely to densely stellate-tomentose; stipules lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 1.7–3.5 × 0.8–1.5 cm, caducuous
    Flowers in terminal 3–6-flowered cymes; pedicel 0.5–2 cm long, articulated at base, densely stellate-pubescent, angular in the upper part; epicalyx cuplike, to 7 mm long, adnate to calyx, with ten teeth to 2 mm long, densely stellate-tomentose; calyx lobes lanceolate, 11–18 × 5–7 mm, fused in the lower 1/3, each with prominent median vein on which a gland (nectary) occurs, acute, densely tomentose
    Petals yellow, 4–6.5 cm long, the basal dark red, 1–2 cm, densely stellate-tomentose on the outside, sparsely pubescent or glabrous within.
    Staminal tube 2–2.5 cm long, filaments 2 mm long; exserted part of style 5–8 mm long, pubescent
    Capsule ovoid-ellipsoid, 1.6–2.2 cm long, valves acuminate, densely grey-tomentose.
    Seeds brown, reniform, 4 × 2 mm, tuberculate.
    Sandy seashores and mangrove swamps; 0–20 m
    Flora districts: K7 T3 T6 ZP Range: Pan-tropical

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 50 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
    No Evaluada



    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Congo, Cook Is., Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Ivory Coast, Japan, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malaya, Maldives, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Rodrigues, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Chagos Archipelago, Cuba, Easter Is., Florida, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guyana, Leeward Is., Suriname

    Hibiscus tiliaceus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 7, 2016 Sands, M.J.S. [2845], Papua New Guinea K000607641
    Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1103], Cameroon K000381350
    Jan 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [14813], Cameroon K000105005
    Jan 1, 1939 Matuda, E. [2730], Mexico K001035793
    Maitland, T.D. [0s.n.3], Cameroon K000105051
    Maitland, T.D. [28], Cameroon K000105053
    Purpus, C.A. [12042], Mexico K001035791
    Kajewski, S.F. [85], Vanuatu K000659905
    Forster [s.n.] K000659900 isotype
    Linden, J. [834], Mexico K001035792
    Salzmann [s.n.], Brazil K001218379
    Ghiesbreght, M. [329], Mexico K001035795
    Miers, J. [3142], Brazil K001218387
    Gaudichaud [952], Brazil K001218386
    Thompson, S.A. [1355], Cameroon K000105052
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1912], Myanmar K001114702
    Fróes, R.L. [20009], Brazil K001218385
    Fróes, R.L. [1838], Brazil K001218444
    Galeotti, H. [4082], Mexico K001035796
    Galeotti, H. [s.n.], Mexico K001035794
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [18888], Brazil K001218378
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [2497], Brazil K001218380
    Gardner [189], Brazil K001218383
    Gardner [189], Brazil K001218384
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114698
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114699
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114700
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114701
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114703
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114704
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114705
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114706
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114707
    Burchell [s.n.], Brazil K001218381
    Burchell [2727], Brazil K001218382
    Martius [576], Brazil K001218445
    Langalsé, E. [148], Mexico K001134760
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1913], India Hibiscus tortuosus K001114708
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1913] Hibiscus tortuosus K001114709
    Horne, J. [704], Fiji Hibiscus tricuspis K001045586
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1914] Hibiscus tricuspis K001114710
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 1914] Hibiscus tricuspis K001114711

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 694 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Meyer, J.-Y. (2017). Guide des plantes de Wallis et Futuna: 1-486. Au vent des iles, editions, Tahiti.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.

    Not accepted by

    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. [Cited as Talipariti tiliaceum.]


    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jaramillo Díaz, P. & Guézou, A. (2017). CDF Checklist of Galapagos Vascular Plants - FCD Lista de especies de Plantas Vasculares de Galápagos http://www.darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/vascular-plants/.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2015). Flora of North America North of Mexico 6: 1-468. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Gardner, R.O. (2011). Trees and shrubs of Niue: an identification guide to the island's indigenous and naturalised woody plants: 1-244. R.O. Gardner, Auckland, New Zealand.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Verdcourt, B. & Mwachala, G.M. (2009). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Malvaceae: 1-170.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 12: 1-534. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
    • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Castle, G.E. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. Orstom Editions.
    • George, A.S., Orchard, A.E. & Hewson, H.J. (eds.) (1993). Oceanic islands 2 Flora of Australia 50: 1-606. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Zizka, G. (1991). Flowering plants of Easter island Palmarum Hortus Francofurtensis 3: 1-108.
    • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Sachet, M.-H. (1987). Flora of the Gilbert Island, Kiribati, Checklist Atoll Research Bulletin 295: 1-33.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1987). Flore des Mascareignes 51-62: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Woodroffe, C.D. (1985). Vegetation and flora of Nui Atoll, Tuvalu Atoll Research Bulletin 283: 1-18.
    • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
    • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
    • Whitmore, T.C. (1966). Guide to the forests of the British Solomon islands: 1-208. Oxford University Press.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Yuncker, T.G. (1959). Plants of Tonga Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 220: 1-283.
    • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
    • Guillaumin, A. (1948). Compendium de la Flore Phanérogamique des Nouvelles Hébrides Annales de l'Institut Botanico-Geologique de Marseille, VI, 5-6: 1-56.
    • Christopherson, E. (1935). Flowering Plants of Samoa Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin 128: 1-221.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K.T.S.L.: 172 (1994).
    • F.C.B. 10: 134 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1: 435 (1961)
    • E.P.A.: 568 (1959)
    • Keay, F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 345 (1958)
    • U.O.P.Z.: 298 (1949)
    • Sp. Pl. 694 (1753)


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    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0