1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum magnispicula Zuloaga, Morrone & Valls

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 20-30 cm long. Culm-internodes terete; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; striately veined; hirsute; with tubercle-based hairs; outer margin hairy. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades involute; 10-12 cm long; 2 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hirsute; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-blade margins ciliate. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 7-12 fertile spikelets. Peduncle 25 cm long; glabrous. Panicle open; ovate; 3-6 cm long; 1 cm wide; bearing few spikelets. Primary panicle branches 3-4 in number; ascending; 1-3 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous; pubescent in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels clavate; scabrous; ciliate; hairy at tip.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5.5-5.8 mm long; 1.5-2 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes. Rhachilla elongation 0.5 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5.5-5.8 mm long; 1.5-2 mm wide; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes. Rhachilla elongation 0.5 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 3.5 mm long; 0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume inner surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; mid-green and purple; 9 -veined; acuminate. Palea of lower sterile floret 2.5-2.8 mm long. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3.4-3.6 mm long; 1.5-1.7 mm wide; indurate; yellow; shiny; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface papillose. Lemma margins involute. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 2.2 mm long. Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum elliptic.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Zuloaga 1996.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South

    Panicum magnispicula Zuloaga, Morrone & Valls appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Iheringia, Bot. 42: 5 (1993)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0