1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Carex L.
      1. Carex spartea Wahlenb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Type: South Africa, without locality, Thunberg s.n. (UPS, holo.)
    Habit
    Erect tufted slender perennial 25–80 cm tall, with short base covered with fibrous leaf remains.
    Stem
    Stems ridged and scabrid
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 40 cm long, 1–4 mm wide, flat, scabrid on margins and some ridges. Leaf sheaths 1–4 cm long and all subtending pedunculate inflorescences, green or whitish on one face often purple dotted at base; ligule a distinct whitish or violet-dotted rim
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences with two main branches at different lengths, the peduncles 1–7 cm long, very scabrid.
    Flowers
    Flowers crowded, a few males at branch tips, the female beneath.
    Glume
    Upper female glumes pale brown, sometimes with dark dots and green or white midrib, broadly triangular, 2–8 mm long, acute or subulate, scabrid. Glumes yellow-green or tinged ochre-brown, green at edges. Lower female glumes 6–7 mm long including 3–4 mm scabrid awn up to twice length of utricle, male glumes shorter and narrower
    Fruits
    Nutlet yellowish, 2 mm long, slightly stipitate. Utricles brown with green stripe on two sides, obtusely triangular with 3 flat ridges, 1.3 mm wide, (2–)2.5–3 mm long including 0.5–0.8 mm long beak, distinctly ridged
    Style
    Style branches papillate, projecting from beak; reduced male axis slightly protruding, the enclosed part very scabrid
    Figures
    Fig. 63, p419
    Ecology
    Forest edges and damp upland grassland, grassland at edges of Brachystegia woodland; 1650–2800 m
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Sudan, Ethiopia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa Flora districts: U1 U2 K1 K3 K 5T2 T3 T4 T7 T8
    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Types: South Africa, Zwellendam, Zeyher 4440 (K!, syn.) & Alexandria, Drège (K!, syn.) & Tembuland, Baur 744 (K!, syn.)
    Habit
    Erect shortly rhizomatous perennial forming tussocks, 15–40 cm tall
    Leaves
    Leaf sheaths 2.4 cm long; ligule with distinct rib Leaves yellow-green, 10–30 cm long, 2.5 mm wide, flat, densely scabrid on margins and ribs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence branches usually borne singly at each node; partial units pyramidal with conspicuous bracts; branches 0.5–6 mm long, flattened, densely scabrid; the upper entirely hidden in the leaf sheaths; each spike with a few male flowers at top and 4–10 female flowers below.
    Glume
    Glumes greenish or light brown with a greenish midrib with or without dark reddish brown dots, and lines; largest female glumes 10–12 mm long including 7–9 mm densely scabrid awn but upper glumes with much shorter awn; male glumes 3–4 mm long with awn only 0.5–1 mm long
    Fruits
    Utricles light reddish brown, ellipsoid, 2.7–2.8 mm long, 1.3–2 mm wide, not distinctly ridged. Nutlet reddish brown, densely papillose; male axis remnant flattened, scabrid or ciliate, shorter than nutlet (but sometimes reduced or undeveloped, fide Gordon-Gray)
    Style
    Style branches dark reddish, 2.5–3 mm long
    Ecology
    Secondary grassland; 2100 m
    Note
    Haines & Lye mention “Mbuli District” (Mbulu) for this species and this may refer to Polhill & Paulo 1085 which had been named S. caricoides. I have referred this specimen to S. sparteum but confirmation is needed. Of three utricles opened two seemed to have no rachilla and the third one nearly as long as utricle. Kukkonen (in Bothalia 14: 823 (1983)) includes S. caricoides under S. sparteum.
    Distribution
    Range: Zambia, South Africa Flora districts: U1 T ?2, T4

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Uganda

    Carex spartea Wahlenb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2003 Bolus, H. [1974], South Africa Schoenoxiphium sparteum K000693810 syntype
    Jan 1, 2003 Zeyher, C.L.P. [4440], South Africa Schoenoxiphium sparteum K000693807
    Jan 1, 2003 Drège, J.F. [2033a], South Africa Schoenoxiphium sparteum K000693805 isotype
    Jan 1, 2003 Schimper, W.P. [1318], Ethiopia Schoenoxiphium sparteum K000693814 isotype
    Bidgood, S. [5153], Tanzania Schoenoxiphium sparteum K000190381
    Buchanan, J. [328], KwaZulu-Natal Schoenoxiphium sparteum K000693809 syntype
    s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Schoenoxiphium sparteum K000693808 Unknown type material
    Baur, L.R. [744], South Africa Schoenoxiphium sparteum K000693806
    Moll, E.J. [3036], South Africa Schoenoxiphium caricoides 7182.000
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Schoenoxiphium caricoides K000363530
    Wilms, F. [1583], South Africa Schoenoxiphium caricoides K000363531

    First published in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 24: 149 (1803)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Schoenoxiphium sparteum.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Schoenoxiphium sparteum.]

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0