1. Family: Cyperaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Carex L.
      1. Carex spicatopaniculata Boeckeler ex C.B.Clarke

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, Comoros.

    [FTEA]

    Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Natal, Inanda, J. M. Wood 1170 (K! lecto.) (chosen by Nelmes)(Note: Haines & Lye overlooked the fact that Nelmes had lectotypified this species long before they chose Rehmann 5627 (South Africa, Houtbosch) which Nelmes had already rejected since it was not mature.)
    Habit
    Perennial tussock-forming herb 0.5–1.2 m tall with short rhizome
    Leaves
    Leaves 20–50 cm long, 5–13 mm wide, flat or plicate, scabrid on veins and margins
    Inflorescences
    Panicles green and brown with densely pubescent axes and branchlets, up to 8 cm long, 3–5 cm wide.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 5–10 mm long, 4–5 mm wide.
    Glume
    Glumes reddish brown, 3.5–4 mm long, awn 1–1.5 mm long, scabrid
    Fruits
    Utricle ellipsoid, 3.5–4 mm long (including the beak), with up to 30 pale ribs, the beak ± 1.5–2 mm long, 2-fid, the lobes linear; beak shortly hairy, the hairs extending down to the upper part of utricle.
    Ecology
    Forest of Podocarpus, Rapanea etc., Brachystegia / Myrsine woodland, old termite mounds; 900–1950 m (see note)
    Note
    Several specimens e.g. Bogdan 4532 (Kenya, Kisumu-Londiani District: 32 km N of Muhoroni, 6 July 1958) have been determined as this species but the utricles are virtually glabrous and I would refer them to C. echinochloë. Stolz 1331 (Tanzania, Rungwe District, Kyimbila, 6 June 1912) was sent from Berlin as C. johnstonii var. brevifructus Kük. but although this name is mentioned in F.D.-O.A. 1: 539 (1938) it does not appear to have been published. The utricles are too short and curved for C. johnstonii and it appears to belong here. Richards 6791 also from Rungwe is the same variant and from 2790 m.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Burundi (dark brown variant), ? Ethiopia, South Africa, Comoro Is., Mascarene Is. Flora districts: K3 T3 T4 T5 T7

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cape Provinces, Comoros, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Carex spicatopaniculata Boeckeler ex C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 7: 304 (1898)

    Accepted by

    • Gehrke, B. (2011). Synopsis of Carex (Cyperaceae) from sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 51-99.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Gehrke, B. (2011). Synopsis of Carex (Cyperaceae) from sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 51-99.
    • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. 6: 505, fig. 212.177 & 212.185.9 (1997).
    • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes of E. Afr. 374. fig. 771 (1983)
    • Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (106): 10, fig. 23 (1963)
    • Robyns & Tournay, F.P.N.A. 3: 286 (1955)
    • K.B. 1940: 160 (1940)
    • F.D.-O.A. 1: 537 (1938)
    • Z.A.E.: 53 (1910)
    • E.P. 4, 20 (Cyp.-Car.): 269 (1909)
    • F.T.A. 8: 520 (1902)
    • Fl. Cap. 7: 304 (1898)
    • Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 190 (1895), nom. nud.

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0