1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea sclerophylla Döll

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Rio de Janeiro: Serra do Órgãos).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 4 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 3-3.5 cm long; distally pruinose. Culm-nodes flush with internodes; without obvious supra-nodal ridge. Lateral branches dendroid; intravaginal; erect. Bud complement 1, or 3. Branch complement one, or three; solitary, or in a horizontal line. Culm-sheaths persistent; without auricles. Leaves 6-7 per branch. Leaf-sheaths tight; glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long; pubescent on abaxial surface; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 7.3-10.8 cm long; 8-11 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle contracted; linear; 3-4 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed. Panicle axis scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 2-3 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5.2-5.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5.2-5.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.3-0.5 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume orbicular; 0.5 mm long; 0.1-0.15 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 2.5-3.8 mm long; 0.5-0.66 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3 -veined; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 3.4-3.8 mm long; 1.3 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma ovate; 5.2-5.8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea 1 length of lemma.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clarke 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea sclerophylla Döll appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [6443], Brazil K000925253

    First published in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(3): 200 (1880)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0