1. Pittosporaceae R.Br.

    1. This family is accepted.

[FTEA]

Pittosporaceae, G. Cufodontis (University of Vienna). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1966

Androecium
Stamens 5, alternate with petals, free or with somewhat connivent filaments; anthers dithecous, introrse, opening by slits or pores
Gynoecium
Ovary superior, sessile or shortly stipitate, paracarpous, with 2–5 carpels and parietal placentas, usually unilocular but sometimes 2–5-locular by central contact of placentas; style simple with capitate or somewhat lobed stigma
Fruits
Fruit a berry or a capsule with generally entire valves
Seeds
Seeds without an aril but often covered by a viscid resin, rarely dry and winged; testa thin and smooth; endosperm copious and horny; embryo minute
Habit
Evergreen trees, shrubs or climbers with resin-ducts in the bark, rarely spiny
Leaves
Leaves alternate, often crowded at the ends of the branches, simple, entire, dentate or lobed, ± leathery
Stipules
Stipules absent
Flowers
Flowers few to many in terminal and/or axillary panicles or cymes, sometimes in clusters on the old wood or solitary in the axils, regular or rarely slightly irregular, hypogynous, bisexual or functionally (rarely morphologically) unisexual
Calyx
Sepals 5, free and imbricate at least in bud, or somewhat connate
Corolla
Petals 5, imbricate in bud, generally free, rarely with slightly connivent claws
[FWTA]

Pittosporaceae, G. Cufodontis. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Habit
Trees or shrubs
Leaves
Leaves alternate, simple; stipules absent
Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic, hermaphrodite
Calyx
Sepals 5, imbricate, free or nearly so
Corolla
Petals 5, longer than the sepals, imbricate, free or united at the base
Androecium
Stamens 5, hypogynous, free, alternate with the petals; anthers 2-celled, opening lengthwise
Gynoecium
Ovary 1-celled with parietal placentas or 2–5-celled and the placentas meeting in the middle, superior, sessile or shortly stipitate; style simple, terminal; ovules numerous
Fruits
Fruit a loculicidal capsule with the placentas in the middle of the valves, or indehiscent
Seeds
Seeds with hard endosperm and minute embryo
[FZ]

Pittosporaceae, G. Cufodontis. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Habit
Woody plants, trees, shrubs or climbers with resin-ducts in the bark, rarely spiny
Leaves
Leaves alternate, often crowded at the ends of the branches, simple, evergreen and ± leathery, entire or rarely dentate or lobed, without stipules
Inflorescences
Inflorescences cymose or paniculate, terminal and/or axillary, rarely flowers in clusters on the old wood or solitary, terminal and/or axillary
Flowers
Flowers actinomorphic or somewhat irregular, hypogynous, bisexual or functionally (rarely morphologically) unisexual
Calyx
Sepals 5, free or ± connate, sometimes imbricate
Corolla
Petals 5, free or with claws slightly connivent, usually with spreading or revolute blades, imbricate in bud
Androecium
Stamens 5, free, with 2-thecous introrse anthers opening by slits, rarely by apical pores
Gynoecium
Ovary sessile or shortly stipitate, paracarpous, with 2–5 carpels and parietal placentas, usually 1-locular, or, less often, 2–5-locular by central contact of the placentas; style simple, stigma capitate or somewhat lobed; ovules 2-several in 2 rows, anatropous, horizontal, with one integument
Fruits
Fruit a berry or a capsule with entire, rarely split valves
Seeds
Seeds without an aril but often covered by a viscid resin, rarely dry and winged, with a smooth testa, a hard endosperm and a very minute embryo

Images

Pittosporaceae R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Voy. Terra Austral. 2: 542. 1814 [19 Jul 1814] (as "Pittosporeae") (1814)

Accepted by

  • APG IV (2016) http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/boj.12385

Sources

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0