Skip to main content
  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cinna L.
      1. Cinna latifolia (Trevir. ex Göpp.) Griseb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Europe to Japan, Subarctic America to U.S.A.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms 8-190 cm long; 1.8-3 mm diam.; 4-9 -noded. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.3-8 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades 15-25 cm long; 1-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle antrorsely scabrous above. Panicle open; lanceolate, or ovate; dense, or loose; nodding; 3-46 cm long; 0.5-20 cm wide. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading; 3-6 -nate; whorled at most nodes; 4-15 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels cuneate; 1-1.5 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; (2-)2.5-4(-5) mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation 0.1-0.45 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; (2-)2.5-4(-5) mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated below proximal fertile floret. Rhachilla elongation 0.1-0.45 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets, or exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; (1.8-)2.5-4(-4.7) mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; (1.9-)2.5-4(-5) mm long; 1-1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1.8-3.8 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein scaberulous. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma apex acute; mucronate, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 0.2-2.5 mm long overall; not or scarcely exserted from spikelet. Palea 1.8-3.4 mm long; 1 -veined, or 2 -veined; 1-keeled, or 2-keeled. Palea keels approximate. Rhachilla extension 0.1-1.3 mm long.
    Flowers
    Anthers 1; 0.4-1.1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; 1.8-2.8 mm long. Endosperm liquid.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern and eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, Caucasus, China, Mongolia, and eastern Asia. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, and southeast USA.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Brandenberg 2000.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Altay, Amur, Arizona, Baltic States, Belarus, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, East European Russia, Finland, Idaho, Illinois, Irkutsk, Japan, Kamchatka, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Labrador, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mongolia, Montana, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sweden, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yakutskiya, Yukon

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cinna latifolia (Trevir. ex Göpp.) Griseb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Gouldie [s.n.] K000913489
    Richardson, J. [118], Manitoba K000913488

    Bibliography

    First published in C.F.von Ledebour, Fl. Ross. 4: 435 (1852)

    Accepted by

    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Marhold, K. (ed.) (2012). IAPT/IOPB chromosome data 13 Taxon 61: 889-902.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Hultén, E.O.G. (1960). Flora of the Aleutian Islands and westernmost Alaska Peninsula: with notes on the flora of Commander Islands, ed. 2: 1-376. Weinheim : J. Cramer ; New York : Hafner Pub. Co.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0