1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea nudiramea L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Santa Catarina).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect, or leaning; 200-400 cm long; 10-12 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 16-22 cm long; glaucous; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid; extravaginal; ascending. Bud complement 10-15. Branch complement several; in a clump. Culm-sheaths deciduous; 7.2-10.2 cm long; glabrous; hairy on margins; without auricles. Culm-sheath ligule 0.4 mm high; ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; deciduous; reflexed; 1-4.6 cm long; glabrous on surface; acuminate. Leaves 7-8 per branch. Leaf-sheaths deciduous; glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-3 mm long; pubescent on abaxial surface; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1-0.3 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 7-16 cm long; 4-11 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle contracted; lanceolate; 3-3.5 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 0.5-0.8 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels angular; 1-3 mm long; scaberulous; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; straight, or curved; dorsally compressed; 8.3-9.1 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; straight, or curved; dorsally compressed; 8.3-9.1 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.1 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume orbicular; 0.1-0.2 mm long; 0.03 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 0.4 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-3 -veined; without lateral veins, or distinctly veined; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 1 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic; 7.9-8.3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or mucronate. Palea 7.6-7.9 mm long; 1 length of lemma; 4 -veined. Palea surface scabrous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clarke 1996.
    Diagnostic
    Leaf-sheaths concolorous.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South

    Chusquea nudiramea L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1992 Clark, L. [1068], Brazil K000925355

    First published in Brittonia 44: 415 (1992)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0