1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Panicum L.
      1. Panicum caparaoense Zuloaga & Morrone

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Espírito Santo).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culm-nodes constricted; black; glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.8 mm long. Collar pubescent. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 14-21 cm long; 10 mm wide; purple. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 22 cm long; glabrous. Panicle open; ovate; 23 cm long; 20 cm wide. Panicle axis glabrous. Panicle branches smooth; glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5.9-6.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5.9-6.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes elongated between glumes.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 4.1 mm long; 0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 13-15 -veined. Upper glume surface asperulous; rough above. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 13-15 -veined; scaberulous; rough above; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 0.8-1 length of lemma; pilose; adorned on flanks. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5.2 mm long; 1.6 mm wide; indurate; shiny; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma surface smooth. Lemma margins involute; ciliate; hairy above. Lemma apex acute; with a little green crest. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3 mm long.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Zuloaga 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Panicum caparaoense Zuloaga & Morrone appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1990 Hatschbach, G. [45170], Brazil K000309296 holotype

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80: 153 (1993)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0