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This genus is accepted, and its native range is New Guinea to W. Pacific.
Sarcanthopsis warocqueana

[A-EM]
Distribution

Sarcanthopsis is a genus of five morphologically similar species collectively from New Guinea, Palau, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia, Fiji, and the Horne Islands.

Ecology

All species are epiphytes or lithophytes in coastal vegetation and lowland rain forests at 0–1000 m, often in exposed positions, for example on Cocos nucifera L. (Arecaceae), Calophyllum inophyllum L. (Callophyllaceae) along the seashore and on coral rock. They sometimes grow close to the sea and are subjected to saltwater spray.

General Description

Epiphytic or lithophytic herbs. Roots terete, not or sparsely branching, glabrous, smooth. Stem to more than 3 m tall, erect or overhanging with apical part erect, leafy, rooting along its length. Leaves conduplicate, articulate, distichous, oblong to linearoblong, not twisted at base, coriaceous, apex rounded to emarginate or unequally bilobed with rounded lobes, margins entire. Inflorescences lateral, arising near apex of stem, solitary, erect, paniculate with up to two levels of branching, many-flowered, bracts subtending branches relatively large and broad; floral bracts similar but smaller, patent, yellowish. Flowers resupinate, 2–3 cm in diameter, quaquaversal, usually yellowish with brown spots. Sepals free, oblong to obovate, margins entire. Petals obovate. Labellum rigidly attached to column, not spurred, trilobed, divided into a concave hypochile with the lateral lobes and a flat epichile at right angles or at a sharp angle to the hypochile (the labellum knee-like bent in lateral view), hypochile with a central, cushion-like, laterally flattened callus, epichile with two calli, one basally and one just below midlobe, which forms apical part of epichile. Column lacking a foot; anther cucullate, pollinia four, cohering closely in two bodies, those in each body unequal, stipe linear, about as long as pollinia, viscidium broadly oblong; rostellum bidentate after removal of pollinarium. Capsule oblong.

[A-EM]
Use

No uses have been reported for Sarcanthopsis; it is rare in cultivation.

Native to:

Bismarck Archipelago, Fiji, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Santa Cruz Is., Solomon Is., Vanuatu, Wallis-Futuna Is.

Sarcanthopsis Garay appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Bot. Mus. Leafl. 23: 198 (1972)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2014). Genera Orchidacearum 6: 1-544. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Aeridinae: e-monocot.org
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0