1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea bradei L.G.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Bahia, Espírito Santo).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; pendulous at the tip; 200-600 cm long; 2-10 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; 15 cm long; distally pilose. Culm-nodes without obvious supra-nodal ridge; pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid; infravaginal. Bud complement 13-16. Branch complement many; in a clump; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; 9.8-18 cm long; retrorsely scabrous; hispid; hairy below; glabrous on margins, or hairy on margins. Culm-sheath ligule 0.5-1 mm high. Culm-sheath blade linear; indistinctly demarcated from sheath; erect; 3-15 cm long; scabrid. Leaves 5-11 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 6-12 cm long; 7-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pilose; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins glabrous, or ciliate. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; bracteate at branch bases and bracteate at pedicel base; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle capitate; globose; dense; 1.5-2 cm long. Panicle axis angular; pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 0.5 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 7.4-8.1 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 7.4-8.1 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 3.5-4 mm long; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 3.9-5.1 mm long. Upper glume ovate; 3.5-4 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 4.1-5.1 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 6-7 mm long; 0.9-1 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 5 -veined; pilose; hairy above; attenuate; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 1.5-3 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 6.7-8.1 mm long; chartaceous; pilose; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 7.4-7.7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy above. Lemma apex acute. Palea 6.4-6.7 mm long; 6 -veined. Palea apex pubescent; with excurrent keel veins.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; 2-2.2 mm long; membranous. Anthers 3; 4-4.5 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea bradei L.G.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 1995 Clark, L. [688], Brazil K000925305
    Jan 1, 1995 Silva, L.A.M. [4167], Brazil K000925306

    First published in Brittonia 48: 254 (1996)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0