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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Himalaya to China (SW. Yunnan) and Malesia.
Smitinandia helferi (Hook.f.) Garay

[A-EM]
Ecology

Smitinandia helferi (Hook.f.) Garay is epiphytic in mixed deciduous forests in Thailand. Smitinandia micrantha grows in riverine forests on limestone and ultramafic substrate and secondary forests in subtropical valleys. It is also epiphytic on Syzygium Gaertn. (Myrtaceae) and Mangifera L. (Anacardiaceae) in India. Both species occur at 0–1000 m.

General Description

Erect to pendent epiphytic herbs. Stem simple or branching, compressed, stout, covered by leaf-sheaths. Leaves distichous, sessile, articulate, narrow, ligulate, apex truncate, unequally bilobed, or acute, distant. Inflorescence lateral, racemose, many-flowered. Flowers with sepals and petals white flushed rose-pink or greenish yellow, labellum purple or white. Sepals and petals spreading, petals narrower than sepals. Labellum spurred, lacking ornaments, trilobed, side lobes triangular, midlobe oblong or rhomboid, obtuse, margin sometimes erose; spur with a mouth closed by a high transverse wall at base of midlobe. Column cylindric, broadened at base, foot not distinct; pollinia four, in unequal pairs, the smaller half in each pair detaching as a free flat disc, stipe broadened upwards, about twice the length of diameter of pollinia; viscidium ovate.

Distribution

Smitinandia consists of three species distributed in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, and Sulawesi.

[A-EM]
Use

Pant (2011) reported the use of a powder made from the roots of S. micrantha as a tonic in Nepal and noted that the stems are considered to have antiseptic properties. Species of Smitinandia are sometimes cultivated.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Sulawesi, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Smitinandia Holttum appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Gard. Bull. Singapore 25: 105 (1969)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2014). Genera Orchidacearum 6: 1-544. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

Aeridinae: e-monocot.org
All Rights Reserved

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0