1. Family: Orobanchaceae Vent.
    1. Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia to Ethiopia and NW. China.

    [FTEA]

    Orobanchaceae, R. A. Graham. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1957

    Habit
    Whole plant fleshy, glabrous to hairy
    Stem
    Stem simple, rather swollen basally
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a handsome spike of congested, ± sessile flowers
    Bracts
    Bracts scale-like
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles 2
    Calyx
    Calyx gamosepalous, 5-lobed (rarely 4; the dorsal lobe absent or very reduced); lobes rounded, equal or the dorsal ones rather narrower
    Corolla
    Corolla large, yellow, purple, mauve, pink, white or a mixture of these, tubular, broadened above the ovary into a funnel-shaped limb, curving outwards; lobes equal or subequal, sometimes revolute
    Stamens
    Stamens attached low in the corolla tube; anthers glabrous to densely lanate
    Pistil
    Style terminally decurved; stigma orbicular or obscurely so.
    [FZ]

    Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

    Habit
    Root parasites totally lacking chlorophyll, fleshy.
    Stem
    Stems succulent, simple, of ten thickened at base.
    Scale leaves
    Leaves reduced to fleshy scales.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence congested, spicate.
    Flowers
    Flowers simple or subsessile, bracteate, bibracteolate, rather large.
    Calyx
    Calyx gamosepalous, 4- or 5-lobed, persistent; lobes obtuse, rounded, equal or two posterior narrower.
    Corolla
    Corolla tubular below, funnel-shaped above, more or less curved or bent; limb 5-lobed, spreading, lobes broad, equal or subequal.
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous, more or less exserted, inserted deep in corolla tube; anthers usually bearded.
    Pistil
    Stigma globular; style apically decurved.
    Ovary
    Ovary unilocular, ovules many.
    Fruits
    Capsule bi-valved.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, minute.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Benin, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gulf States, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yemen

    Introduced into:

    France

    Cistanche Hoffmanns. & Link appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Portug. 1: 318 (1806)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 463.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fl. Port. 1: 318 (1809).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Port. 1: 318 (1809)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0