1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Celosia L.
      1. Celosia argentea L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Erect annual herb, 0.4–2 m. tall, simple or much branched with the branches ascending.
    Stem
    Stem and branches obviously striate and often sulcate, quite glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves oblong-lanceolate to narrowly linear, acute or obtuse, glabrous, shortly mucronate with the excurrent midrib; leaves from the centre of the stem 2–15 × 0.1–3.2 cm., attenuate below into a slender indistinct petiole; superior and branch leaves smaller, obviously reduced; small-leaved sterile shoots often present in the leaf axils.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences dense, (sometimes laxer below), spicate, many-flowered, 2.5–20 × 1.5–2.2 cm., silvery or pink, at first conical but later cylindrical, on long peduncles up to 20 m. or more at the ends of the stem and branches.
    Bracts
    Bracts and bracteoles lanceolate (or the lower deltoid), 3–5 mm. long, hyaline, more or less aristate with the excurrent midrib, persistent after fruit-fall.
    Tepal
    Tepals 6–10 mm. long, narrowly oblong-elliptic, acute to rather obtuse, mucronate with the excurrent midrib, with one or two pairs of lateral nerves of which the inner reach about halfway up the tepal or more, centrally greenish or yellowish, with hyaline margins.
    Androecium
    Filaments delicate, the free part equalling or exceeding the basal cup; intermediate teeth none or very rarely minute; both filaments and anthers creamy to magenta.
    Pistil
    Ovary 4–8-ovulate; style slender, 5–7 mm. long, with 2–3 very short stigmas.
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid or subglobose, 3–4 mm. long.
    Seeds
    Seeds lenticular, black, shiny, c. 1.25–1.5 mm. in diam., faintly reticulate.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 1500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca.
    Habit
    Hierba
    [FTEA]

    Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

    Habit
    Annual herb, erect, 0.4–2 m., simple or with many ascending branches.
    Stem
    Stem and branches strongly ridged and often sulcate, quite glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves lanceolate-oblong to narrowly linear, acute to obtuse, shortly mucronate with the excurrent midrib, glabrous; lamina of the leaves from the centre of the main stem 2–15 × 0.1–3.2 cm., tapering below into an indistinctly demarcated, slender petiole; upper and branch leaves smaller, markedly reducing; axils often with small-leaved sterile shoots.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a dense (rarely laxer below) many-flowered spike 2.5–20 × 1.5–2.2 cm., silvery to pink, at first conical but becoming cylindrical in full flower, terminal on the stem and branches, on a long sulcate peduncle up to ± 20 cm. long, which often lengthens during flowering.
    Bracts
    Bracts and bracteoles lanceolate or the lower deltoid, 3–5 mm., hyaline, ± aristate with the excurrent single nerve, persistent after the fall of the flower, as are the 2 similar bracteoles.
    Perianth
    Perianth-segments 6–10 mm., narrowly elliptic-oblong, acute to rather blunt, shortly mucronate with the excurrent midrib, with 2–4 lateral nerves ascending more than halfway up the centre of each segment, margins widely hyaline.
    Stamens
    Filaments very delicate, free part subequalling or exceeding the sheath, sinuses with no or very minute intermediate teeth; anthers and filaments creamy to magenta.
    Stigma
    Stigmas 2–3, very short, the filiform style 5–7 mm. long.
    Ovary
    Ovary 4–8-ovulate.
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid to almost globular, 3–4 mm.
    Seeds
    Seeds lenticular, ± 1.25–1.5 mm., black, shining, with a fine reticulate pattern.
    Figures
    Fig. 2.
    Habitat
    Weed of cultivation, or in flood plains or along rivers, ranging to grassland or dry lava hills; 610–1640 m.
    Distribution
    practically a pantropical weed, possibly originating in tropical Africa, where it is widespread K1 K2 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 U1 U3 U4
    [FWTA]

    Amaranthaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Erect branched annual, 2–6 ft. high
    Inflorescences
    Flowering spike silvery-white, often pink-tinged.
    Note
    Probably introduced and naturalized; often cultivated.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Arkansas, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Cambodia, Cayman Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Connecticut, Cook Is., Cuba, Czechoslovakia, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Louisiana, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Manchuria, Marquesas, Maryland, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Missouri, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Jersey, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Turkmenistan, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, West Virginia, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Yemen

    Celosia argentea L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1989 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [9887], Cameroon K000025551
    Jan 1, 1989 Westphal [9549], Cameroon K000025550
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6916], India K001126181
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6916] K001126182
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6916] K001126183
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6916], India K001126190
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6917], Nepal Celosia margaritacea K001126189
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6917] Celosia margaritacea K001126192
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6917] Celosia margaritacea K001126193
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6917], Myanmar Celosia margaritacea K001126196
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 6917], Myanmar Celosia margaritacea K001126194
    Govan, G. [Cat. no. 6917], India Celosia margaritacea K001126186
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 6917] Celosia margaritacea K001126188
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6917], India Celosia margaritacea K001126184
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6917] Celosia margaritacea K001126185
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6917] Celosia margaritacea K001126191
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6917] Celosia margaritacea K001126195
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6919] Celosia cernua K001126209
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6919] Celosia cernua K001126210
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6919] Celosia cernua K001126211
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6918], Nepal Celosia cristata K001126207
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126208
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126203
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126204
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126205
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126206
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126197
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126198
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126199
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126200
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126201
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 6918] Celosia cristata K001126202

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 205 (1753)

    Accepted by

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    • Sánchez-del Pino, I., Espadas, C. & Pool, R. (2013). Taxonomy and richness of nine genera of Amaranthaceae s.s. (Caryophyllales) in the Yucatan peninsula biotic province Phytotaxa 107: 1-74.
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    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 6, 1: 17.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
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    • Pedersen, T.M. (2016). Flora del Paraguay 46: 1-258. Editions des Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la ville de Genève.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Memon, R.A. & al. (2014). Illustrated weed flora of Cotton crop of Khairpur district, Sindh, Pakistan Pakistn Journal of Botany 46: 5-12.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Sánchez-del Pino, I., Espadas, C. & Pool, R. (2013). Taxonomy and richness of nine genera of Amaranthaceae s.s. (Caryophyllales) in the Yucatan peninsula biotic province Phytotaxa 107: 1-74.
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Kumar, S. (2012). Herbaceous flora of Jaunsar-Bawar (Uttarkhand), India: enumerations Phytotaxonomy 12: 33-56.
    • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 2: 1-429. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Peck, J.H. & Serviss, B.E. (2011). Neptunia oleracea (Fabaceae) new to the continental United States, with new and noteworthy records of several Angiosperms in Arkansas Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 5: 321-326.
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    • Ramos Senna, L., Giulietti, A.M. & Rapini, A. (2010). Flora da Bahia: Amaranthaceae - Amaranthoideae e Gomphrenoideae Sitientibus Sérrie Ciências Biológicas 10: 3-73.
    • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
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    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

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    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

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    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0