1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea abietifolia Griseb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Caribbean.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms arching; pendulous at the tip; 500-700 cm long; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; in a clump; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 1-3 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 1.5-6 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 0.5 mm long; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 0.5 mm long; 0.08 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 2 mm long; 0.33 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 2.5 mm long; chartaceous; acuminate. Fertile lemma ovate; 6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Caribbean.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Iran Gr WI 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago

    Chusquea abietifolia Griseb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Wilson, M. [s.n.], Jamaica K000433247 holotype

    First published in Fl. Brit. W. I.: 529 (1864)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0