1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea acuminata Döll

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Rio de Janeiro).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump; thinner than stem. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 2-4 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 6-10 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; 0.2 mm long; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume lanceolate, or ovate; 0.5-2 mm long; 0.1-0.25 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 5 mm long; 0.66 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; purple; 3 -veined; acute; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 2 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret lanceolate; 5 mm long; chartaceous; acute; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret 2 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate; mucronate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America and Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Camus 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea acuminata Döll appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 2002 Glaziou [9056], Brazil K000925294

    First published in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(3): 204 (1880)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0