1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea anelythra Nees

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Rio de Janeiro).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; 3-4 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 10-17 cm long; scaberulous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement three. Leaf-sheaths keeled (above); striately veined; glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3 mm long; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base cordate; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.3 cm long; petiole glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; oblong; 10-14 cm long; 14-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; pyramidal; 7-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches reflexed; 9 cm long. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; acuminate; 8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; acuminate; 8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.2-0.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume orbicular; 0.02-0.05 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 6 mm long; chartaceous; acute; mucronate. Lemma of upper sterile floret lanceolate; 7 mm long; chartaceous; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 1 length of lemma.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea anelythra Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2013 Glaziou, A.F.M. [20152], Brazil K000947258
    Jun 1, 2013 Kummrow, R. [2403], Brazil K000947253
    Jun 1, 2013 Glaziou [6442], Brazil K000947255
    Jun 1, 2013 Glaziou [17454], Brazil K000947257
    Apr 1, 2013 Glaziou [17453], Brazil K000947256
    Jan 1, 1995 Glaziou, A.F.M. [18645], Brazil K000947260
    Jan 1, 1995 Glaziou, A. [18634], Brazil K000947259
    Jan 1, 1990 Hatschbach, G.G. [52531], Brazil K000947254

    First published in Linnaea 9: 491 (1835)

    Accepted by

    • Soreng, R.J., Davidse, G., Peterson, P.M., Zuloaga, F.O., Judziewicz, E.J., Filgueiras, T.S. & Morrone, O. (eds.) (2005). Catalogue of New World Grasses project. TROPICOS,the Missouri Botanical Garden's on-line taxonomic database http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/nwgc.html.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0