1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea anelythroides Rupr. ex Döll

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 400-1000 cm long; 20-30 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; smooth. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several. Leaves 5-15 per branch. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; scaberulous; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 3-4 mm long; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate, or ovate; 6-15 cm long; 8-25 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib prominent beneath. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle open; pyramidal; 15 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches 1-12 cm long; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle axis pubescent. Panicle branches bearing approximate spikelets; puberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels puberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; acute; 7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; acute; 7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.2-0.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous. Upper glume lanceolate; 0.2-0.5 mm long; 0.02-0.05 length of adjacent fertile lemma.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; 0.66-0.75 length of spikelet; chartaceous. Lemma of upper sterile floret lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; 1.2-1.3 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or mucronate. Palea keels scaberulous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Martius 2003.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea anelythroides Rupr. ex Döll appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 2002 Soderstrom, T.R. [1933], Brazil K000947261
    Jan 1, 1995 Smith, L.B. [1719], Brazil K000947262
    Jan 1, 1995 Dusén, P. [13305], Brazil K000947263

    First published in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(3): 206 (1880)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0