1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea bilimekii E.Fourn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico (México State, Veracruz).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; nodding at the tip; 300-400 cm long; 15-30 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 17.5-30 cm long; smooth. Lateral branches dendroid; intravaginal. Bud complement 7-9. Branch complement many; in a horizontal line; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent; 7-10.5 cm long; glabrous. Culm-sheath ligule 0.5-1 mm high. Culm-sheath blade triangular; demarcated but persistent; erect; 1.9-2.1 cm long; glabrous on surface. Leaves 3-7 per branch. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-0.8 mm long; pubescent on abaxial surface; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.3 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 8.5-15 cm long; 6-12 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy abaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear, or lanceolate; 3-6 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed; 0.5-1 cm long. Panicle axis angular; pubescent. Panicle branches angular; pubescent. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels angular; 3-5 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 8.9-10.4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 8.9-10.4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.9-1 mm long; membranous; without keels; 0-1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 1.8-2 mm long; 0.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 4.8-5.7 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3 -veined; pubescent; ciliate on margins; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 5.7-6.1 mm long; chartaceous; pubescent; ciliate on margins; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 9.6-10.1 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy above. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea 8.6-9.4 mm long; 6 -veined. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus. Palea surface scabrous; pubescent; hairy on back; hairy above.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3; 4-5.5 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf

    Chusquea bilimekii E.Fourn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Mexico K000433223 isotype
    Jan 1, 1988 Bilimek [448], Mexico K000433224 isotype

    First published in Mexic. Pl. 2: 132 (1886)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0