1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea capitata Nees

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; 5-7 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes elliptical in section; solid; antrorsely scabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump. Leaf-sheaths keeled; striately veined; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or ciliate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base symmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.15-0.3 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 5-15 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 6 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle capitate; globose; 1.5-2 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear; 5.5-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume linear; 5.5-8 mm long; 0.75-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 0.75 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 1 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 8 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 11 -veined. Lemma apex acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea capitata Nees appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Schnell, R. [8244], Brazil K000925230
    Jul 1, 1992 Hatschbach, G. [15278], Brazil K000925231
    Jul 1, 1992 Sellow, F. [s.n.], Brazil K000925232
    Jul 1, 1992 Sellow [4526], Brazil K000433256 isotype
    Jul 1, 1992 Glaziou, A.F.M. [17919], Brazil K000925234
    Jan 1, 1992 Sellow, Brazil K000433257 isotype
    Jan 1, 1913 Dusén, P. [7182], Brazil K000925233
    Hatschbach, G. [311135], Brazil K000925235
    Widgren [s.n.], Brazil K000925236
    Regnell, A.F. [III/1418], Brazil K000925238
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17919], Brazil K000925237
    Brugger, M. [344], Brazil K000925229

    First published in Linnaea 9: 489 (1835)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0