1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea capituliflora Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; 3.5 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 20-30 cm long; smooth; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several, or many; in a clump. Leaf-sheaths without keel; striately veined; smooth; glabrous on surface to pubescent; outer margin glabrous, or hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long; obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base symmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 6-15 cm long; 10-23 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 8-10 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle capitate; elliptic; equilateral, or secund; 2-4 cm long. Panicle axis glabrous to pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 2.5-3.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.5-3.5 mm long; 0.33 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; obtuse. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 1.3 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; obtuse. Fertile lemma ovate; 7-8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma apex obtuse.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea capituliflora Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 1992 Brazil K000433255 isotype
    Jul 1, 1992 Sendulsky, T. [1424], Brazil K000925225
    Jan 1, 1990 McClure, F.A. [21290], Brazil K000925227
    McClure, F.A. [21290], Brazil K000925226
    Hatschbach, G. [19216], Brazil K000925222
    Sucre, D. [10596], Brazil K000925223
    s.coll. [29] K000925228
    Sandulsky, T. [1369], Brazil K000925224

    First published in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 3(6): 613 (1835)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0