1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea ciliata Phil.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Chile.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.2 mm long. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 4-10 cm long; 5-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted, or spiciform; linear; interrupted; 5-14 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 2-3 mm long; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 3-4 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 0.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 3-4 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3-5 -veined; acute; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 0.5 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; chartaceous; acute; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret 1-1.5 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 6-8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous; hairy above. Lemma apex acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. WDC 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Chile Central

    Chusquea ciliata Phil. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Chile K000433313 isotype

    First published in Linnaea 33: 299 (1864)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0