1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea dombeyana Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Colombia to Peru.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms leaning; 300-400 cm long; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 7-16 cm long; 13-25 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; 7-11 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending; lower distant. Panicle axis pubescent. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5.5-6.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5.5-6.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels. Lower glume surface pubescent. Upper glume ovate; 2-2.5 mm long; without keels. Upper glume surface pubescent.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; chartaceous; pubescent; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; chartaceous; pubescent; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6.3 mm long; coriaceous; purple; without keel. Palea 1 length of lemma.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gr Peru 1997.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms scandent; slender; 500 cm long; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 7-16 cm long; 13-25 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; 7-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending. Panicle axis pubescent. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5.5-6.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 5.5-6.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 mm long; 0.5 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 2-2.5 mm long; without keels. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; chartaceous; pubescent; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6.3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 1 length of lemma.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Tovar Peru 2010.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

    Chusquea dombeyana Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Révis. Gramin. 2: 553 (1832)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0