1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea fendleri Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Venezuela.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; leptomorph. Culms arching, or scandent; pendulous at the tip; 400-800 cm long; 10-20 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 20-38 cm long. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent. Leaves 5-6 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 10-15 cm long; 8-17 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle spiciform; linear; 5-12 cm long. Panicle axis angular; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1.8-2.8 mm long; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4-5.1 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 3 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3 -veined; acute; mucronate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 4 mm long; chartaceous; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 6-8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma lateral veins prominent. Lemma margins eciliate. Lemma apex acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America and western South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Munro 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Venezuela

    Chusquea fendleri Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Fendler, A. [1627], Venezuela K000433276 isotype
    Jan 1, 1987 Fendler, A [1627], Venezuela K000433274 lectotype
    Jan 1, 1987 Fendler, A [1627], Venezuela K000433275 lectotype

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 61 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0