1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea fernandeziana Phil.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Juan Fernández Islands to Chile (Valparaíso).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms arching; 300 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 5-15 cm long; 5-13 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade midrib indistinct. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 8-10 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7-9 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-5 mm long; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 4 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 4 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1 -veined; without lateral veins; acute; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 1.5-2 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; chartaceous; acute; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret 1 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 7-9 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate; mucronate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. WDC 2001.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Chile Central, Juan Fernández Is.

    Chusquea fernandeziana Phil. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Anales Univ. Chile 43: 577 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0