1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea galeottiana Rupr. ex Munro

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; 1000-1500 cm long; 10-15 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 27-50 cm long; mid-green, or purple; smooth, or retrorsely scabrous. Lateral branches dendroid; extravaginal. Bud complement 100. Branch complement many; in a clump; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous; 11-22 cm long; glabrous, or hispid. Culm-sheath ligule 3-4 mm high; ciliate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; deciduous; reflexed; 2.7-6 cm long; glabrous on surface. Leaves 4-6 per branch. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2 mm long; truncate, or obtuse. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.4 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5.6-14.4 cm long; 8-18 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; 8-14 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading; 2-4 cm long. Panicle axis angular; pubescent. Panicle branches angular; pubescent; with prominent pulvini. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels angular; 2-3 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 8-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 8-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5 mm long; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.5 mm long; 0.05 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 5-6 mm long; 0.33-0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3 -veined; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 6.3-7.3 mm long; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 11.7-14.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 11 -veined. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea 13-14 mm long; 6 -veined. Palea keels contiguous above a sulcus.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 3; 7.5-8 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Clark 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mexico Southwest

    Chusquea galeottiana Rupr. ex Munro appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Galeotti, H.G. [5749], Mexico K000433225 isotype

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 59 (1868)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0