1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea meyeriana Rupr. ex Döll

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms arching; 1000 cm long; 30-50 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots, or with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; solid; scaberulous. Lateral branches dendroid; extravaginal. Branch complement many; in a clump; with subequal branches, or 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths hispid; without auricles. Culm-sheath ligule 3-5 mm high. Leaves 3-4 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.5 mm long. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; linear; 14-23 cm long; 4.5-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; sparsely hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; pyramidal; 6-12 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading; 2-8 cm long. Panicle branches angular; scabrous; pubescent in axils; with prominent pulvini. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; flexuous; 2-7 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7.8-9.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7.8-9.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.3-0.8 mm long; 0.6 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.5-1 mm long; 0.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 4-6.5 mm long; chartaceous; 3 -veined; acute; mucronate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 4.8-6.5 mm long; chartaceous; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma ovate; 7.2-8.5 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 3; 3.5-5 mm long; yellow. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Costaric 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea meyeriana Rupr. ex Döll appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 McClure, F.A. [21289], Brazil K000925280
    Jan 1, 1995 McClure, F.A. [21289], Brazil K000925282
    Jan 1, 1995 McClure, F.A. [21289], Brazil K000925281
    Jan 1, 1995 Cordeiro, I. [381], Brazil K000925278
    Jan 1, 1995 Lanna, J.P. [1715], Brazil K000925288
    Jan 1, 1995 Smith, L.B. [9093], Brazil K000925285
    Jan 1, 1995 Smith, L.B. [7559], Brazil K000925286
    Jan 1, 1995 Dusén, P. [16983], Brazil K000925284
    Jan 1, 1975 Lindeman, J.C. [2552], Brazil K000925283
    Jan 1, 1896 Regnell, A.F. [III 1421], Brazil K000308002 syntype
    Cordeiro, I. [381], Brazil K000925279
    Castellanos, A. [24405], Brazil K000925287
    Lanna, J.P. [1715], Brazil K000925276
    Pohl [14109], Costa Rica K000433238 isotype
    Glaziou [4310], Brazil K000925277

    First published in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(3): 203 (1880)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Neotropikey
    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0