1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea montana Phil.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central & S. Chile to SW. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect, or leaning; 200-300 cm long; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; smooth. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; in a clump; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-4 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole glabrous. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 8-13 cm long; 6-10 mm wide; herbaceous. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 14-20 cm long. Primary panicle branches 5-13 cm long. Panicle axis pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 0.5-0.6 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 0.6-0.7 mm long; 0.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 3-3.5 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3 -veined; pubescent; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 1.2-1.3 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; pubescent; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; 6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea 1 length of lemma; 4 -veined. Palea surface pubescent.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 3; 4 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 5.5-6.5 mm long; apex unappendaged. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Pat 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South

    Chusquea montana Phil. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1995 Chile K000433310 isotype
    Jan 1, 1995 Philippi [s.n.], Chile K000433309 isotype

    First published in Linnaea 33: 298 (1864)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0