1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Chusquea Kunth
      1. Chusquea oligophylla Rupr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms scandent; 3-5 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 30 cm long; smooth, or scaberulous; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several, or many; in a clump. Leaf-sheaths without keel. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base symmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.15-0.3 cm long; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; linear, or lanceolate; 5-10.5 cm long; 5-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 4-8 secondary veins; with obscure cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous; hairless except near base.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; equilateral; 3-7 cm long; 2-4 cm wide. Panicle axis glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 2-4 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; 1.5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; 1.5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled. Lower glume lateral veins obscure. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume ovate; 1 mm long; 0.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; 1-keeled. Upper glume lateral veins obscure. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex cuspidate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 0.25 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 5 -veined; acute. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 3 mm long; 2 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4.5 mm long; coriaceous; purple; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma apex acute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Chusquea oligophylla Rupr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1996 Cordeiro, J. [1160], Brazil K000925255
    Jan 1, 1995 Luetzelburg, v. [6744], Brazil K000925254
    Jan 1, 1995 Glaziou, A.F.M. [11674], Brazil K000925256
    Jan 1, 1995 Glaziou, A.F.M. [17918], Brazil K000925258
    Jul 1, 1992 Glaziou, A.F.M. [17452], Brazil K000433265 isotype
    Jul 1, 1992 Lindeman, J.C. [5887], Brazil K000947265
    Jul 1, 1992 Smith, L.B. [1962], Brazil K000947268
    Jul 1, 1992 Dombrowski, L. [1216], Brazil K000947264
    Jul 1, 1992 Reitz, R. [18104], Brazil K000947269
    Jul 1, 1992 Hatschbach, G.G. [17670], Brazil K000947271
    Jul 1, 1992 Glaziou [17917], Brazil K000947267
    Dusén, P. [17285], Brazil K000947266
    Imaguire, N. [204], Brazil K000947272
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [11674], Brazil K000925257
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17918], Brazil K000925259
    Hatschbach, G.G. [12040], Brazil K000947270
    Jan 1, 1975 Lindeman, J.C. [5887], Brazil Chusquea discolor K000925307

    First published in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 5: 124 (1839)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0